UN Security Council postponed the session about the situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina, due to problems with the Russian opposition to the international envoy Christian Schmidt.
As media in BiH reported, the session was supposed to be dedicated to the situation in BiH and members were to decide about the extension of the EUFOR mandate for another term. The session has to take a place in the next few days, as the current EUFOR mandate ends on November 5.
The second important issue at the session was supposed to be the Schmidt first report to the UNSC about the situation in BiH. The media said that his report warns about a “very real” prospect of a return to conflict and calls for a reassessment of international military presence, if necessary. Allegedly, he accused the President of the biggest Serb party in BiH, Milorad Dodik, of “endangering of the Dayton Peace Agreement” causing that the new conflict in the state is possible.
Allegedly, the Russian delegation to the UNSC is not satisfied with such estimations and threatens with a veto on all decisions, including the extension of the EUFOR mandate. A few months ago, the Russian delegation expressed dissatisfaction with the way Schmidt was appointed to the position of the High Representative, without consent of the UNSC. They said that Schmidt is not appointed in accordance with rules and his decisions do not have legal value at all.
In July this year, the UN Security Council turned down a resolution proposed by Russia and China, which asked for the Office of the High Representative to be closed and his powers ended. That is exactly what Dodik is asking for years and Russians seems to be on his side. But, the international community, including Russia, a few years ago determined the several conditions the state has to fulfil in order to end the international protectorate and fully take its destiny in own hands. These conditions are far from fulfilling as three national communities in the state cannot agree even about the basic issues.
At this moment, it is not possible to predict what will be happened in the next few days. Backed with Russians, Dodik can realise the plan to withdraw the Republika Srpska consent on the establishment of the various important institutions at the state level. That would lead Bosnia and Herzegovina to a new level of instability.