Two reports on the ongoing situation in BiH to the UN Security Council

Two reports on the ongoing situation in BiH to the UN Security Council

The International community High Representative to Bosnia and Herzegovina, Valentin Inzko, is in the U.S. and on Tuesday he will submit his report to the UN Security Council about the present situation in BiH.

Oddly enough, there is still no sign about his speech in BiH media.

Until now, bits of the reports were being published in the press or presented by media outlets at least two days before each UNSC session.

In a short press release, the Office of the High Representative (OHR) said that Inzko had meetings with U.S. high officials, including with Deputy Assistant Secretary of State, Matthew Palmer. Inzko briefed him on the conduct and outcome of the eighth general election in BiH, the challenges lying ahead for the newly appointed authorities, and the international community’s engagement in the country.

“The people of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the international community have high expectations of the incoming authorities, which should be formed as soon as possible. Urgent and resolute undertaking of reforms is required for progress in the EU accession process if BiH is to deliver on its commitments to its citizens and international partners”, the High Representative said.

Inzko also stressed that the focus on divisive issues and personal attacks during the election campaign, and a general lack of attention to real issues the country is facing are regrettable.

“A top priority needs to be the economy, and finding ways to reverse the trend of young people – the most vital part of the population – leaving in large numbers, Inzko added.

On the other side, the Republika Srpska (RS) government sent it’s 20th report with their own viewpoints and comments on the situation in the country. In contrary to previous similar documents, this was divided in two parts. The first part reviews the election in BiH and ongoing issues, while the second – which is of particularly interest- is the special report destined for the UN Security Council and entitled “Subversion of Dayton system”.

In the first part, the government emphasised that voters in RS gave the current ruling coalition an unquestionable mandate to form a government on the basis of views and goals based on which it was running in the general elections, including full application of Annex 4 of the Dayton Peace Agreement – the BiH Constitution.

“The convincing victory of the coalition, in addition, must be understood as opposing the attempts of foreign interference in the BiH elections. The election of Šefik Džaferović as a Bosniak member of the BiH Presidency has greatly disturbed Serbs and represents a mockery of the rule of law and reconciliation since his link to war crimes committed by El Mujahid Detachment is proven”, reads the report.

The government highlights that the election of a Croat BiH presidency member is a regretful result, which shows why it is essential that all constituent peoples, Croats included, should be allowed to elect their own BiH presidency representative.

The report expressed the readiness of RS to work with all stakeholders in BiH for a better future in terms of issues that are important for all nations, such as European integration, democratic elections in Mostar, judicial reforms, fair and equitable investigations in the prosecution of war crimes, and the fight against terrorism.

Maybe the most important sentence in the second part of the report is that the RS does not have secession plans.

RS has no secession plans, but insists on the full implementation of the Dayton political structure. EU officials often emphasize that the decentralized structure of BiH does not represent an obstacle to EU membership. RS will continue to advocate the necessary reforms through political dialogue, but has the right to rectify material damage to the Dayton Peace Agreement”, the report says.

In several sections, part of the report about the “subversion of the Dayton Peace Agreement” explains various aspects of violations of the Agreement, including the interference of other countries in Bosnia’s internal affairs, including elections.

“For example, the US has provided more than $ 100 million to the media without transparency in BiH, and these funds, as the US government admits, are intended to influence local politics and elections”, the document says.

In a separate section, the report emphasised that the centralisation and dominance of the SDA (Party of the Democratic Action, the largest Bosniak party in BiH) undermines the security and stability of BiH, and that the policies and procedures of this party, during and after the war, have turned the country into a haven for jihadists.

“In addition, the leaders of the SDA and other Bosniak parties respond to political disagreements with violent threats. The SDA often attacks the legitimacy of Srpska, as it did when it tried to prevent the marking of Republika Srpska Day. This party obstructs the execution of key decisions of the Constitutional Court of BiH and the European Court of Human Rights when it comes to the elections. Moreover, by provocative move and flagrant violation of the Constitution, the SDA leader /Bakir Izetbegovic/ tried to unilaterally renew the BiH lawsuit against Serbia”, the report cites…. / IBNA