IBNA INTERVIEW – Živadin Jovanović, former Yugoslav Foreign Minister
By Miloš Mitrović – Belgrade
“After European Union Council had announced the start of the accession negotiations with Serbia, the statements by the EU representatives in this regard were mainly general. They said that the talks will start at the latest in January 2014, but it is not clear what the EU Council will discuss in December. However, we can assume that the issue will be complete and continual implementation of the Brussels agreement about the normalization of the relations between Belgrade and Priština. I think this is for certain, especially given the fact that the implementation of the Brussels agreement was the main demand of the German Parliament in the first place”, Živadin Jovanović, former Yugoslav Foreign Minister (1998 – 2000) said in the interview for IBNA. Jovanović is President of Belgrade Forum of the world of equals, since 2005.
The officials of the Serbian Government are claiming that there will be no further preconditions for the start of the talks. Are they right?
„These comments are directed to Serbian public. The officials want to send the message to the people that Serbian policy concerning the EU thus far was adequate and that it was fruitful. Nevertheless, I believe that situation is not so simple at all. There are no reasons to be satisfied with the EU decision, not to mention celebrations. Serbia is going to face new tough demands. Serbian Government accepted EU policy that had tied the accession talks with Serbia with the issue of Kosovo. Such an approach is unprecedented in the history of the EU enlargement process. And now we can see – according to German Bundestag decision – that even the new negotiation chapter on relations between Belgrade and Priština will be introduced.“
Do you think that EU will accept German idea?
“I am sure that the EU will take such an unprecedented position. Any unbiased observer would say that by this approach EU requests from Serbia to recognize the independence of Kosovo. Bundestag declaration means that the EU will demand from Serbia to accept the entering of Kosovo into international organizations, including UN. I think that the other EU member states, not only Germany, will make their own preconditions for Serbia sooner or later. They will not support Serbian progress towards the EU without fulfilling these preconditions.”
You consider the Brussels agreement as a dictate. Do you find that Serbia had a different choice?
„The Icelandization of Serbian policy regarding the EU was an alternative. This approach implies reserved stance when it comes to accession talks. Serbian officials made mistake by trading Serbian legitimate rights in Kosovo and Metohija for the accession talks date. We will see what will be the final price of the Serbian EU membership. For instance, Serbian public is not aware that Germany will request compensations for Volksdeutsche (Germans which were expelled from Serbia in the end of the Second World War). We can expect similar demands from some other EU countries. “
What could be the consequences for the current Serbian government in case that it had been refused the EU demands regarding Kosovo?
„I think that this government went too far rapidly. Why they have decided to rush giddily into negotiations at the highest level? If the highest ranking officials make a wrong decision, nobody can fix it. The alternative solution was to guide constructive policy towards the EU. This approach could imply eagerness for membership, as well as the protection of Serbian interests and strong cooperation with the countries which do not impose preconditions. By intensifying the economical and other relations with BRICS countries, as well as with the Arab and Latin American countries, Serbia could strengthen its position towards the EU. Accepting the Brussels agreement under the conditions imposed by the EU was historical step, but the negative one.“
Do you think that current EU „sticks and carrots“ policy towards Serbia is similar to Western policy in Yugoslavia during the 90s?
„There are many similarities under the new circumstances. During the 90s sticks were both international isolation and direct aggression threat. At this moment, circumstances are much favorable for Serbia. Serbia is member of most important international organizations, there are no threats we have faced during the 90s. Thus, Serbia has more opportunities to reach the compromise. At the same time, Serbia is both more opened and more subjected to dictate. I am not sure whether the Brussels agreement will provide stability in the region or create the foundation for the new strives. “
What will the Croatian entry into EU bring to Serbia?
„Croatia is our neighbor country and we should build good relations together. The basic principle in this cooperation should be the reciprocity. Nevertheless, Serbia has allowed Croatia unilateral concessions thus far. Croatian companies have purchased both Serbian factories and the agricultural goods of the highest quality. Croatian businessman Ivica Todoric controls more than a third chain market`s in Serbia. On the other hand, Serbian companies are not allowed to invest in Croatia. Croatia is still creating barriers for the return of Serbian refugees. The part of the border between Serbia and Croatia is still undefined, because Croatia has pretensions that are contrary to international law.