Romania: Parliament unanimously ratifies state of emergency

Romania: Parliament unanimously ratifies state of emergency

During a teleconference session this afternoon, the Romanian Parliament approved the state of emergency declared by the President of the country according to the Decree 195/2020.

The decree was unanimously adopted at this first online sitting of Parliament, which followed a special procedure for speeches and electronic voting remotely because of the self-isolation the MPs and Ministers have entered. The presidents of the two chambers, Marcel Ciolacu and Titus Corlățean, were present at the plenary hall.

Earlier, President Klaus Iohannis had a teleconference with Prime Minister Ludovic Orban, Internal Affairs Minister Marcel Vela, the prefects and Local Authorities engaged in the fight against COVID-19, urging them to devote themselves to their work, to act swiftly and to rise to the occasion.

He also urged diaspora Romanians not to visit the country for Easter.

Changes and toughening up of the Penal Code

An urgent decree amending the Criminal Code provisions and making the penalties for infectious disease transmission much stricter was approved by the Government.

Under the new provisions, an inaccurate statement aimed at concealing the risk of caring a contagious disease is punishable by imprisonment from 1 to 5 years or a fine.

Failure to comply with quarantine rules or hospitalization for the purpose of preventing or treating infectious diseases is punishable by imprisonment of 6 months to 3 years or a fine.

Failure to practice measures aimed at preventing or combating infectious diseases is punishable by imprisonment of 1 to 5 years if the disease is effectively spread. In case of intentionality, the person could face a prison sentence of 6 months to 3 years or a fine. If one or more persons are physically harmed as a result of this, imprisonment is punishable by 2 to 7 years, and if one or more persons die, imprisonment jumps from 5 to 12 years.

In the event that an infectious disease is transmitted by a person who is known to be a vector, the sentence starts from 2 years and could go up to 7. If one or more person’s physical health is affected, the prison sentence starts from 3 years and could go up to 10, while if one or more persons are killed, the sentence of imprisonment starts from 7 and could go up to 15 years. In addition to imprisonment sentences, certain rights are also forfeited.

Finally, the omission to report to medical personnel important information regarding possible contact with a person infected with a contagious disease is punishable by imprisonment of 6 months to 3 years or with the payment of a fine. /ibna