Romania: Final Straight for the Presidential Election

Romania: Final Straight for the Presidential Election

The election campaign for the November 10 presidential election in Romania, which began on October 12, officially closes at 07:00 on Saturday November 9.

At the same time, Friday is the first day Romanians abroad can vote. Romanians of the Diaspora have three days to exercise their right to vote. In these elections, they are able to exercise their right to vote even by letter.

On Sunday, November 10, 18,748 polling stations will open in Romania for the presidential election.

According to the law, after the election campaign is over, the broadcasting of electoral messages on audiovisual media, digital displays installed in public or private spaces and on specially designed vehicles is prohibited.

No exit polls are allowed on the election day before the end of the vote.

If none of the candidates for the position of President have an absolute majority of valid votes, a second round will take place on November 24 between the first two candidates. The second round will be won by the candidate with the highest number of valid votes. The term of office of the President shall be five years.

Election campaign for the second round will begin on November 15 and end on November 23 at 7:00 am.

In the 2014 election in the first round on November 2, 2014, Victor Ponta came first with 40.44%, with Klaus Iohannis getting 30.37%. In the second round, Klaus Iohannis overturned the margin and won 54.43% of the vote to beat Victor Ponta and become elected President of Romania.

The 14 candidates for the Presidential election are:

Klaus Iohannis, Theodor Paleologu, Dan Barna, Kelemen Hunor, Viorica Dancila, Catalin Ivan, Ninel Peia, Sebastian-Constantin Popescu, John-Ion Banu, Mircea Diaconu, Bogdan Marian Stanoevici, Ramona-Ioana Bruynseels, Viorel Catarama, Alexandru Catarama, Alexandru Catarama, Alexandru Catarama ibna./

The favorite for a new five-year term, beyond any doubt, is outgoing President Klaus Iohannis.

What is more interesting in this first round is probably who will face Iohannis in the second round, with the Social Democratic Party (PSD) and the until a few days ago prime minister Viorica Dancila, the president of “Save Romania” (USR) Dan Barna and Independent candidate Mircea Diaconu, appearing to be close according to opinion polls. As such, it is expected that the second round, which will take place on November 24 may depend on the turnout, the undecided and the performance of the other candidates.

The latest USR poll, a week before the election, gave Klaus Iohannis 38.9%, Viorica Dancila 22.6%, USR Dan Barna was third, while fourth was the independent and supported by ALDE and Pro România, Mircea Diaconu, with 8.2%.

According to the latest poll, for the PSD released today, Klaus Iohannis gets 41%, Viorica Dăncilă 26%, Dan Barna 12% and Mircea Diaconu 7%, with the error margin at +/- 3%.

It should be noted that in these elections only partial and final results will be announced and not provisional results, as in the European elections, a fact that was strongly criticized by the Press.

The Special Telecommunications Service (STS) clarified that it has not received requests for the publication of the provisional results of the presidential election and stated that the responsibility for publishing the data rests with the AEP Permanent Election Authority and the BEC Central Election Commission.

The press also points out that for the first time since 1989, there is no election campaign for the first round. EVZ observes that candidates for the first round are absent from the media because all the Press, which is funded under the table by PNL and PSD and influenced by other centers of power, has not organized debates and shifted attention on the campaign at the last minute.

The state-run television broadcaster again, the TVR, which had, in all previous confrontations, the task of creating and maintaining an electoral atmosphere, was this time sluggish and gave the impression of simply being bored in fulfilling the task. EVZ’s absence from the public campaign is estimated by EVZ to also be the result of the publication of polls that depict Klaus Iohannis as the winner, with a score similar to that of Nicolae Ceaușescu, and Viorica Dăncilă as a confident runner-up in round two, as well as the exaggerated social and police issues that have caused a sensation.

The newspaper Adevarul points out in its analysis, that Klaus Iohannis did all he could in the campaign to be careful not to make a mistake. He did not participate in any debates, did not give any interviews. He enters the election race with a big victory over public image, having pushed PSD out of power. It will be easier for Iohannis to face off in the next round with Dancila, giving him the joy of her final extermination, than with Barna. The President’s goal for the next five years is to keep the PNL in power.

For Viorica Dăncilă, these elections threaten her political future. The goal is not a victory but participation in round two, for PSD to avoid a “historical shame”. A defeat on Sunday would take Dăncilă out of the political game forever. But if she manages to be there in the second round, she can hope to stay on the steering wheel of her party, as long as it secures a higher proportion of votes than in the European elections.

In her fight, Dăncilă relies on the mayors to whom she has given generous money but also on the social impact measures that the PSD government has taken in recent years, such as increasing pensions and salaries. In her speeches, Dancilă emphasized exactly where the average citizen hurts, stressing that the current President “did not keep his promise to integrate Romania into the Schengen area” and “did not achieve visas for the United States like Poland”.

Finally, Mircea Diaconu, nominated by Victor Ponta in the political arena to cut the rates of Dăncilă, is both a surprise candidate and a candidate of extremes: in some polls he makes it to the second round and in others he does not even get 10%.

As a former member of the PNL, he can draw votes from the Liberals’ tank, thanks to Ponta’s support and that of the Social Democrats. In addition, his independent profile may be voted on by those who disagree with the disastrous war between political parties. Mircea Diaconu argues that Romania is a parliamentary democracy and the role of the President should be strictly symbolic./ibna