IBNA Special Report
Tirana, December 11, 2014/Independent Balkan News Agency
By Edison Kurani
Institute of Statistics in Albania has published figures on employment. Figures show that during the months of July, August, September 2014, number of employed people aged 15 to 64 is 1 million and 43 thousand and 58 people.
Meanwhile, the number of unemployed people results to be 219 thousand and 585 people. Based on the Survey of Labor Force, during the third quarter of 2014, the number of employed people aged 15 to 64 years old is 1.043.058.
INSTAT says that during the third quarter of 2014 in Albania:
Unemployment rate for people aged 15 to 64 is 17,4%.
Unemployment rate for people aged 15-29 is 32,4%.
Meanwhile, according to INSTAT, 63,4% of people aged 15-64 is active in the labor market, employed or actively looking for a job.
Employment rate for people aged 15-64 is 52,3%.
Compared to the third quarter of 2013, employment rate has gone up by 3,7%. The rate of participation in the labor force has gone up by 4,8%.
Unemployment rate has slightly gone up by 0,2% (age group 15-64).
Compared to the second quarter of 2014, unemployment rate has gone up by 1,8%. Participation rate in the labor force has gone up by 2,1% while unemployment rate has seen a slight fall by 0,2% (age group 15-64).
Comparisons with last year
At the same period a year ago, according to INSTAT, in July, August and September, the number of employed people from the age of 15 to 64 in Albania was 928.456 people.
Meanwhile, the number of unemployed people was 188.944.
But how real are these figures?
Although INSTAT is an institution with a lot of potential, experience and access, it is not able to make an accurate measurement of unemployment.
INSTAT officials admit that the published data simply refer to the surveys carried out in different areas of the country. In practice, surveys can be an indicator to a certain extent, but they can never be true figures of unemployment. This is why there’s a need for accurate figures.
The government, which controls INSTAT, has its own figures about unemployment.
Before he came in power, current PM Edi Rama declared that Albania has one million unemployed people, over five times more than what INSTAT declares.
In the recent days, Rama and the government ministers say that unemployment has gone down, but without saying what the total number of unemployment people is, although up until yesterday, they used to say that this figure was one million or one third of the population that lives in Albania.
The PM said last month that this year, 83 thousand new jobs have been created.
This declaration sparked many reactions. The opposition said that this was a false figure. Many citizens said that the opposite had happened for them.
A few days ago, minister of Social Affairs, Erion Veliaj modified the figure. He said that the right figure is not 83 thousand, but one third of this figure. Meanwhile, according to him, the rest was employed as part of the social security scheme, after having previously worked without being in this scheme.
Amid all these figures, citizens find themselves in a dilemma.
Some say that jobs are being cut every day, businesses being shut down and that new jobs are not being created in the private sector.
On the other hand, some say that with the arrival of the left wing in power, more jobs have been created.
Under these circumstances, in order not to speculate with figures, perhaps it’s time for Albania to have accurate information on the number of people employed and unemployed in real time, in order for the public opinion, majority and opposition not to politically comment survey figures or figures served by political parties. /ibna/