The Permanent Representative of Cyprus to the UN, Ambassador Andreas D. Mavrogiannis, sent a letter to UN Secretary-General António Guterres on 4 February 2020 denouncing Turkish violations of national airspace and national sea space. occurred in the months of November and December 2019.
Upon instructions from my Government, I am transmitting herewith four separate annexes recording the violations of Cyprus’ national airspace, the infringements of international air traffic regulations in Cyprus’ flight information region and the illegal use of closed ports and airports in Cyprus, by Turkey, during the months of November and December 2019 (see annexes I–IV).* This pattern of behaviour constitutes a serious concern for the Republic of Cyprus, is a continuous violation of its sovereignty and adds to the catastrophic repercussions of the invasion and ongoing occupation of part of its territory by Turkey.
Furthermore, the persistent policy of violating the Charter of the United Nations and international law and breaching international rules and regulations is a constant threat to international peace and security, negatively impacts regional stability, jeopardizes the safety of international civil aviation and creates difficulties for air traffic over Cyprus, and prevents the creation of an enabling environment in which to conduct the Cyprus peace process.
Turkey continues to systematically harass civilian and military aircraft within the Nicosia flight information region via radio calls while, during the same perio d, the regime installed by the occupying power in the area of Cyprus that it occupies, has illegally issued eight notices to airmen relating to exercises conducted by the Turkish Air Force. Additionally, Turkish commercial aircraft systematically use the Tympou airport, which continues to operate illegally following the closure, by the Cyprus Government, of all ports of entry in the areas where it does not exercise effective control.
The said actions of Turkey, which continues to occupy the northern part of the Republic of Cyprus since 1974, clearly aim at undermining Cyprus’ sovereignty, consolidating the ongoing de facto division and upgrading the secessionist entity’s status by claiming a purported airspace over the occupied territory of the Republic.
In this respect, I would like to underline that there is only one Cypriot State, which is the Republic of Cyprus, as stipulated also in various Security Council resolutions (particularly 541 (1983) and 550 (1984)), On behalf of my Government, I strongly protest the continuing violations of the national airspace and territorial waters of Cyprus by Turkey, as well as the infringements by the latter of international air traffic regulations, and appeal for their immediate cessation.
The Republic of Cyprus reiterates its call to respect Security Council resolutions and adhere to the principles of sovereignty and non-interference enshrined in the Charter.
Finally, I would like to urge Turkey and the Turkish Cypriot community to contribute to a meaningful resumption of the peace process, instead of focusing on undermining the sovereignty of the Republic of Cyprus and promoting Cyprus’ partition through the creation of facts on the ground and the consolidation of the status quo, including by seeking to politically upgrade the secessionist entity.
I would be grateful if you would circulate the present letter and its annexes as an official document of the General Assembly, under agenda item 41, and of the Security Council./ibna