Invitation to the Turkish Government to stop the threatening statements on the opening up of the Enclosed Area
By Michalis Michael
An invitation to the Turkish government to stop the threatening statements on the opening up of the enclave of Varosha and along with the subordinate administration in the occupied territories to comply with the clear demands of the Security Council to respect the special status of Varosha, has extended the Permanent Representative of the Republic to the UN, Ambassador Andrea Mavrogiannis, with a letter.
The letter – dated October 11 – was sent to UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres and was released yesterday as an official document by the General Assembly and the Security Council, is quoted by CNA as referring to the actions of the illegal Turkish occupation regime and the ongoing threats to open the enclosed city of Varosha in violation of UN Security Council resolutions. The Cypriot Permanent Representative notes in his letter that the Government of the Republic of Cyprus has repeatedly drawn the United Nations’s attention to its concerns over the continuing Turkish threats to open the enclosed area of Varoshia.
At the request of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus, pursuant to Article 35 of the United Nations Charter, the matter was discussed at the Security Council, which issued on 9 October, a statement to the press in which it notes that Council members “reminded the importance of the Varosha regime as set out in previous Security Council resolutions, including resolutions 550 (1984) and 789 (1992), and reiterated that no action should be taken with respect to Varosha which does not comply with those resolutions”. It also notes that the special status of Varosha has been established by various provisions which were either adopted directly by the Security Council or approved by it. The framework for the return of Varosha to its legal residents is set by the 1979 High Level Agreement, which was welcomed by the Security Council in Resolution 482 (1980), as well as Resolutions 550 (1984), 789 (1992) and 2483 (2019).
The Permanent Representative also stresses that the separate Varosha regime, as an area controlled by the Turkish army and an area in which Turkey has sole control and responsibility, is acknowledged in many reports by the Secretary-General, which confirm that “The UN continues to hold the Turkish government responsible for the status quo in Varosha.” It is recalled that the city was occupied, and its residents forcibly expelled during the second phase of the Turkish military invasion in 1974, was looted and was enclosed by the Turkish army, which until today has exclusive access to the city.
He also stresses that the Government of the Republic of Cyprus expects the Government of Turkey and its illegitimate subordinate administration in the occupied part of Cyprus to comply with the clear demands of the Security Council to respect the special status of Varosha. Actions that may adversely affect the right of return and the property rights of the legal residents of the city should be avoided. He also added that the Turkish government is expected to stop threatening statements by its senior officials to open the enclosed Varosha area and violate Security Council resolutions by conducting an account of its assets. In conclusion, Ambassador Andreas Mavrogiannis notes in his letter that the Government of the Republic of Cyprus will continue to make every effort to return Varosha to its legal residents under the auspices of the United Nations, in accordance with relevant Security Council and UN resolutions and the 1979 High Level Agreement.
“Such an action would serve as a tangible confidence-building measure that could prove to be a game-changing element, greatly contributing to efforts to create a supportive climate for the resumption of the peace process, which would lead to a just and lasting settlement of the Cyprus problem”./ibna