Pristina, 10 November 2015/Independent Balkan News Agency
By Elton Tota
European Commission has published today the findings of the 2015 Progress Report on Kosovo.
European Enlargement Commissioner, Johannes Hahn has unfolded in front of the commission the positive and negative sides of Kosovo’s European integration process.
IBNA learns that as far as political criteria is concerned, the European Commission has praised the constitutional amendments for the creation of the Special Tribunal and praised Kosovo’s commitment for the normalization of relations with Serbia.
Among the most important achievements, the report stresses the signing of the Stabilization and Association Agreement (SAA) as a foundation stone for the path of the country toward the European future.
However, the report points out the lack of dialogue and political culture between the main political parties in the country.
The violent episodes in parliamentary proceedings by opposition MPs have been criticized by Brussels.
The report also says that many independent institutions are not functional. It also requests a deep reformation of the public administration and strengthening in the rule of law.
The economic criterion
As far as the economic criterion is concerned, the European Commission demands Kosovo to work for a functional and competitive economy in regional and international markets.
The Progress Report on Kosovo, published by the EU Enlargement Commissioner, Johannes Hahn, says that the constant trade deficit reflects a weak basis of production and lack of international competition.
To boost competition, there must be extra investments in human capital and physical infrastructure. Political interventions in the economy must be reduced.
The report also says that a labor force which is not very skilled and the high unemployment rate prevent economic development.
The Progress Report says that Kosovo is in the early stages of development in many domains. Progress has been made in public procurement, but Kosovo must strengthen its capacities in public procurement. As far as financial control is concerned, good progress has been made, but more efforts are needed to better monitor the public administration and state enterprises.
As far as other domains are concerned, the report says that Kosovo’s institutions have demonstrated their capacities to deliver political priorities, especially in the implementation of SAA. The monitoring capacity of the Central Bank of Kosovo is adequate, however, there has not been progress in competition.
The report says that agricultural development is being hindered by low productivity.
Professor of European Law, Llokman Murtezani told IBNA that Kosovo’s challenges consist of the fight of corruption and organized crime, rule of law and reformation of public administration. /ibna/