Pristina, April 24, 2015/Independent Balkan News Agency
By Elton Tota
Power supply in Kosovo is expensive and polluting. The EU is concerned about the damage that thermal power plant “Kosova A” is causing for people in Kosovo. However, several strategic documents have been drafted for the protection of the quality of air, management of wastes, strategy of waters, etc.
These are only some of the evaluations given by panel members during the international conference of the Kosovo Civil Society for Sustainable Development (KOSID) dubbed “Energy from a critical point of view”.
The head of the EU office to Kosovo, Samuel Zbogar, said among others that energy in Kosovo is expensive and polluting.
“The EU has expressed its concerns on these and the engagement to shut down ‘Kosova A’ in 2017. It’s an engagement for the citizens of Kosovo. Our concern relates to the damage that this thermal power plant is causing to the people in Kosovo”, said Zbogar.
Matthias Kiesler from the German embassy said that Germany uses clean energy and it encourages the government of Kosovo to do more in this aspect.
In this context, the minister of Environment and Urban Planning, Ferid Agani, said that the legal framework for the protection of environment is almost complete, but what’s lacking is the implementation of legislation.
“We have difficulties. We have drafted several strategic documents for the protection of the quality of air, management of wastes, strategy of waters, etc”, Agani said.
But Agani is not very optimistic that these problems will be solved within a short period of time. He even sees this as a challenge.
At the end of the conference, it was recommended to apply green policies for a healthier environment.
Meanwhile, experts of European issues say that along with international institutions such as the World Bank and International Monetary Fund, Kosovo must invest in efficient and renewable energy.
Law professor, Llokman Mirtezani told IBNA that Kosovo must do more in achieving European standards, in terms of creating new energy capacities and the creation of the necessary conditions for the development of renewable energy, the increase of efficiency in energy consumption and the protection of environment.
“We must stress that similar projects are also being implemented in the EU countries. Cohesion policies or EU structural funds are helping in improving policies for an energy efficient solution which means that the same number or a larger number of activities must be carried out with the same or smaller amount of energy consumed and with a smaller emission of CO2 in the atmosphere. These projects would be a real achievement for Kosovo”, Mirtezani said.
Meanwhile, professor of European Law, Muhamer Pajaziti, told IBNA that the development of policies for renewable energy is very important for the citizens of Kosovo, who live in a polluted environment.
“Renewable energy is that energy which is renewed fast with the help of natural processes. The sources of this energy are the sun, wind, geothermal energy or biomass. The advantage of these sources is that they are unlimited and their use doesn’t pollute the environment. This is very important for Kosovo, which is aiming at achieving European standards in order to join the European family as soon as possible”, Pajaziti says.
According to him, the protection of environment, the reduction of CO2 through these policies, are objectives which are also promoted in European countries through the “Europe 2020” Financial Strategy.
He says that in the future, Kosovo must take the European Union as a model even in terms of programs and strategies for education, health and other domains. /ibna/