Kosovo and the region, great fluctuations in the labor market and social welfare

Kosovo and the region, great fluctuations in the labor market and social welfare

IBNA Special Report

Pristina, May 2, 2014/ Independent Balkan News Agency

By Elton Tota

In the framework of World Labor Day, “The Headhunter” recruitment company in cooperation with “Eunacal” Institute in Albania, has published a survey on the labor market and social welfare in Southeastern Europe.

This study conducted in Albania, Kosovo, FYR Macedonia, Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina, shows the results of the employment of young people, how much time they need to find a job, how valuable are their skills and knowledge received at school in their workplace, what’s the level of salaries/remunerations based on the graduation subject, how often does it happen to have work contract of an undetermined period, of a determined one or work without a contract, how widespread is discrimination at work, the basis of discrimination and where does it more often occur, how much faith do young people have on different sources of information in relation to employment opportunities (media, work office, etc), what does the employee appreciate the most in a work place, what must one have to be employed in the private sector, abilities, political ties, friendly interventions and how widespread are sexual relations among colleagues?

The  results of this study, which has been conducted on April 23, 2014 are worrying not only due to the high percentage of unemployment, but also due to the alarming data that emanate from the bad treatment of employees at their work places and the discrimination that they’re subjected to during job interviews.

Subject to discrimination in a job interview are 52% in the private sector, 32% in the central government public administration, 29% in the local government public administration. Discrimination in the central government public administration has been 44% due to political persuasions, 16% due to age, 15% due to the birthplace, 14% due to the physical appearance (height, weight, etc), 11% due to gender and 8% due to religious belief.

Meanwhile, discrimination in job interviews by private companies in 26% of cases relates to political convictions, 17% relates to the age, 17% relates to the birthplace, 16% relates to physical appearance (height, weight, etc), 12% due to gender and 11% due to religious faith.

Kosovo: The rights of employees are not respected

Based on this study, the average age of respondents in Kosovo was 27.5 and out of 2700 interviewed persons from Kosovo, 55.3% were unemployed and looking for a job. Among others, the findings of this study showed that private sector is the biggest employer with 66% of employees.

Compared to Albania where this figure is 20%, in Kosovo, 15% of the total number of those who have been interviewed and who are employed, declared that they work without a work contract, 57% with temporary contracts and 29% with permanent contracts.

In Kosovo, respondents have said that they had to wait on average 15.2 months until they found a job while people who were asked how long had they been unemployed for, they responded: 28 months.

This study also revealed indicators such as: over 43 hours a week at work; 59% discriminated in a job interview (where did discrimination take place: 52% in private companies, 32% in central government public administration, 29% in local government public administration) and asked on the basis of the discrimination in job interviews in the central government public administration (Kosovo), 44% of cases related to political convictions, 16% related to age, 15% to the birthplace, 14% to the physical appearance (height, weight, etc), 11% to gender and 8% to religious belief. Meanwhile, as far as discrimination in job interviews in private companies is concerned, 26% of cases relate to political convictions, 17% to age, 17% to birthplace, 16% to physical appearance (height, weight, etc), 12% to gender and 11% to religious belief.

The other question of the survey was: How widespread is the phenomenon of asking sexual favors at work. In Kosovo, 33% have responded that it’s well spread, while asked on sexual relations of workers with colleagues/subordinates/superior (Kosovo), women have responded with a “never”, while 95% of men have declared “never”, 4% with colleagues, 1% with superiors and 1% with subordinates. /ibna/