IBNA Special Report
Pristina, January 30, 2015/Independent Balkan News Agency
By Elton Tota
Kosovar Institute for Policy Research and Development (KIPRED) published today the conclusions of the study on ethnic relations in Western Balkan and the implications that they bear on Kosovo.
According to this study, the violent dissolution of former Yugoslavia left mistrust and hostility between majority ethnic groups and minority ones in the states where they emerged.
Lulzim Peci from KIPRED said that one of the most important issues that KIPRED has identified in this study relates to the disagreement on the number of members of minority communities that live within the regions of the state.
Another problem relates to the failure to declare nationality and the most problematic here is Albania, where 14% have not declared their nationality in the last census.
Meanwhile, based on the last census made in Kosovo, only 0,1% of the population has not declared its nationality.
Referring to this study, minority community issues are still an open problem in Western Balkan.
“In Kosovo, Serbs demand a stronger territorial autonomy. Albanians in Macedonia are demanding more rights, because they’re not satisfied with their position”, says Peci.
Meanwhile, KIPRED’s recommendations are addressed to the Government of Kosovo, European Union, Council of Europe and OSCE.
“Government of Kosovo must pay the necessary attention to the situation of ethnic relations in neighboring countries and Bosnia and Herzegovina”, said Peci.
Meanwhile, referring to the publication, he said that all the countries of the region and Serbia in particular in relation to Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo and Kosovo in relation to the Presevo Valley, must clarify the fact that border changes are unacceptable.
Meanwhile, KIPRED has recommended for the EU, OSCE and Council of Europe to exert pressure on all the countries of the region in order to conduct credible censuses, in order to solve disputes about the number of the members of ethnic minority communities.
Special attention must be paid to Sanxhak and Presevo Valley, which are left outside interstate relations between Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia and Kosovo.
For this, KIPRED believes that OSCE must take into account the possibility of opening offices in Sanxhak and Presevo Valley, in order to closely follow developments in these areas which have been left without protection. /ibna/