In this exclusive interview for IBNA, the head of “Transparency International” in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Slagjana Taseva,talks about the current developments in the country. Professor and president of “Transparency Zero Corruption”, Mrs. Slagjana Taseva also talks about the economic and social trends and challenges that the country faces in the aspect of Euro Atlantic integration. Member of the Academic Advisory Board, Mrs. Taseva also talks about a formula for the solution of the political stability and the future of the country. Taseva is known as former head of the National Anti-Corruption Committee
Interviewed by Naser Pajaziti
IBNA: How do you consider the political developments in the country, which is being dominated by the political crisis as a result of the continuous boycott of opposition and other problems?
Taseva: The political crisis reflects the level of development of political pluralism which has been applied in the last decade of the last century. Of course, there are still no mature politicians who are ready to engage in dialogue and debates in order to bring important decisions for the country and the citizens. Instead of democracy, we have a form of “democrature”. Everything is done in compliance with the law and rules, but it functions like the people who rule want it to function. Therefore, the current situation that relates to the political crisis cannot be avoided if the absurdities of the political governance are not avoiding by bringing a climate of changes.
IBNA: The same thing can also be said about the economic situation, although the government comes out with positive and promising figures for the economic development. What is your opinion? Can we talk about positive trends in the economy?
Taseva: I believe that in the economic aspect, the situation is even more serious. We’re seeing companies being shut down every day and our living standards going down. We also have the highest unemployment on a world level. A large part of young people and labor force have found ways of abandoning the country. Meanwhile, those who have remained, are surprised as to how the government is managing to convince people that the country is a leader in the aspect of economic reforms. We have no reforms here and this has been seen by everyone who has tried to open a new business. I’m not talking about the free economic zones, because there, the state is subsidizing minimum wages for workers who have been employed by investing companies. The effects of these developments are insignificant for the citizens of our country.
IBNA: What is the solution for the challenges that our country is facing, especially in the Euro Atlantic aspect?
Taseva: Euro integration process is experiencing a serious stagnation and our country is losing all the priorities that it has enjoyed so far in the Euro integration aspect. All the reforms have made steps backwards. In this part, the process of Euro integration has come to a standstill, while politicians have the responsibility to make decisions, but they have shown that they’re not interested for this. The biggest challenges of this country relate to the rule of law, equal application of laws and the independence of the judicial system. No progress will be made for as long as the judiciary power is controlled by the executive power.
IBNA: Do you think that a political formula can be achieved for the political and institutional stability in the country, bearing in mind cross ethnic relations?
Taserva: Cross ethnic relations are not a problem in the day to day living. This problem is imposed and accentuated by politics. Politics wants to divide the people. Progress must be achieved when political parties will have people who represent particular policies and not national or religious based policies. Multiculturalism and multiethnicity symbolize this country and they must act as mechanisms for unification and not for division. /ibna/