Interviewed by Naser Pajaziti/Independent Balkan News Agency
Former chief justice of the Constitutional Court in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Branko Naumovski, expert on constitutional issues, talks in this exclusive interview for IBNA about the current developments in the country. Naumovski stops on the political crisis and its solution through the political dialogue that has just kicked off.
According to him, the agreement reached between the leaders of the main four political parties with the brokerage of the international community, is a good basis for the overcoming of the political crisis.
He underlines that the country is doomed if the agreement for the solution of the political crisis is not solved.
IBNA: The main four political parties in the country struck a deal for the solution of the political crisis. Do you think that this a good basis for the solution of the crisis?
Naumovski: I can say that this is a “piece of paper” which acts as a good basis for the overcoming of the political crisis. I consider it like this, because this agreement has many legal shortfalls and I believe that sides must comply with the deadlines for the solution of the crisis and the obligations of the agreement. What’s more important is for the sides to have political will in order to deliver all the points of the agreement until the holding of the April 2016 elections. I believe that if the EU and all of those who were involved in the process, monitor it, the agreement will be respected.
IBNA: One of the points of the agreement is the appointment of the Special Prosecutor, for which the criminal code must be amended. Do you think that this institution will have more powers than the general prosecution and will solve all pending cases and suspicions for crime and corruption that were revealed from the wiretapping affair?
Naumovski: I think that the opposition should have accepted early elections, until the wiretapping affair was solved through the inquest of a Special Prosecutor. This affair would be finalized in court and someone would end up behind bars. We’re expecting the Special Prosecutor to act at once and in an efficient way on the wiretapping affair and also on the affair known as “Putsch” against the opposition leader, Zoran Zaev, who’s accused of espionage and disclosure of classified information. I am skeptic about an immediate finalization of this inquest by this prosecutor, but we will see if there will be results before the elections.
IBNA: The wiretapping affair revealed a number of scandals whereby the government intervened in the judicial system. How do you consider this and do you think that the judicial system is going through a crisis?
Naumovski: For me and for a large number of people, these materials made public by the opposition, showed how judges in the country are chosen. I fully agree with the fact that the judicial system is going through a very difficult situation. Its independence will be a difficult process. The first step is for judges to restore their dignity and if this is not possible for some of them, they must stand down.
IBNA: In the end, I would like to ask you to make a prediction if the country will come out of the political crisis.
Naumovski: I would like to be optimistic, but I have my reserves, bearing in mind the developments so far and especially the recent ones, but if this agreement is implemented, then the country is doomed. I hope that the main obligations for the survival of the country. I believe that the European Union and all other players must help in order for the agreement to be implemented. /ibna/