Interview of IBNA news agency with analyst and publicist, Fadil Lushi
Interviewed by Naser Pajaziti
In his exclusive interview for IBNA, the analyst and publicist from Tetotov, Fadil Lushi talks about the early parliamentary elections and the presidential ones held on April 27 in FYR Macedonia. The prominent publicist talks about the post electoral situation, the coalition agreement between VMRO and BDI, boycott of the opposition and other developments, which he says, will be challenging for the country.
IBNA: You’re an expert of political developments in the country. What is your assessment on the April 27 elections and the situation after the elections?
Fadil Lushi: The elections were normal and such result was expected, because such political atmosphere was created by the parties in power, VMRO-DPMNE and BDI. What legitimizes these elections are the international reports which gave them the green light, although the opposition has embarked on its journey out of the institutions, by not recognizing the election result. The post election situation is in conformity with the normal post election standards in Macedonia and there is not any other radical development which would deepen the political crisis. I believe that the “gossips” and political clashes will continue, but they will not attract the attention of the citizens, who are fed up with the elections in Macedonia.
IBNA: We now have in place the coalition agreement between VMRO and BDI. How efficient will this coalition be and how much will the program that the coalition is based on be realized?
Fadil Lushi: The agreement signed between the two largest parties that won the April 27 elections comes as a result of the advices coming from Brussels and Washington. I believe that an imposed agreement was signed between them, because it’s clear that this agreement has no ethnic elements, neither from Macedonians, nor from Albanians. Thus, if we analyze the agreement, we can see from the start that it states that this agreement is being drafted by the two parties that won the elections and after that, the agreement also includes the two main points: NATO and EU integration and social and economic issues for the development of the country. Thus, the agreement doesn’t have ethnic demands which were used during the campaign by both parties. It’s clear from this agreement that BDI is little represented. But, BDI had promised that it would not give up on its demands for the Albanians, such as a wider use of Albanian language, the election of an Albanian as speaker of parliament and other issues.
IBNA: The coalition was drafted based on the priorities for the integration in the NATO and EU within 6 months. To what extent do you think that this deadline will be met?
Fadil Lushi: This coalition was expected, because BDI was convenient to VMRO-DPMNE, as a party that won many seats.
VMRO-DPMNE didn’t risk by including in the coalition the other Albanian party, PDSH (Albanian Democratic Party) of Menduh Thaci, which didn’t receive the expected number of seats in the recent elections. Therefore, Gruevski didn’t risk at all in inviting PDSH, because there would be a crisis, as BDI would delegitimize the government which didn’t include the Albanian political party that had won most of the votes among the Albanian voters, thus in this case, BDI. I believe that there will not be a NATO accession and launch of talks with the EU even after 6 months. A new political crisis is expected to emerge in September, which may take the country to fresh elections and which would be considered as extraordinary. The same as the early elections of April 27 were warned by leader of BDI, Ali Ahmeti.
IBNA: You say that a constant political crisis is expected. What must the country expect in 6 months?
Fafil Lushi: Forecasts may be optimistic by several Albanian political circles. They hope that positive developments can be expected in relation to the solution of the name dispute. But, on the other hand, I’m worried about the battle of the Macedonian opposition, which has warned that it will lead it outside institutions. I believe that the country is facing dynamic developments accompanied by a strong political battle between majority and opposition. (IBNA)
(The author is an analyst and publicist from Tetovo. He’s an expert on philosophical issues and a regular columnist of the main daily newspapers in Skopje)