In an interview for balkaneu.com , law professor at the University of Pristina, Kujtim Kerveshi talks about the normalization of relations between Kosovo and Serbia, the impact of the Special Tribunal in the political arena in Kosovo, the Euro Atlantic processes, EULEX mission, challenges of Kosovo in its NATO accession and on the international recognition of the new state
IBNA: What is your assessment on the dialogue for the normalization of relations between Kosovo and Serbia?
The so called technical dialogue continues to be associated with a lack of trust between the sides and application of the agreements that have been reached in general, in spite of the number of years that this dialogue has been going on for. I think that reaching any agreement is difficult due to the lack of an implementing mechanism which has consequences for the sides. The normalization of relations between the sides, at a time when they engage in talks, but do not accept the status of one another in relation to Kosovo, is a very delicate process, difficult to be implemented in practice and in particular, due to the mandatory mechanism of the application of the agreements that have been reached.
IBNA: What will be the impact of the Special Tribunal in the political arena in Kosovo?
The impact will be significant. Given the composition of the political arena and the cases that this court will handle, I believe that it will also have an impact in the stability of the governing coalition in Kosovo.
IBNA: What are Kosovo’s challenges in its path toward NATO membership?
First of all, Kosovo has not built the necessary institutional capacities. It has not defined its borders with at least two countries that border its territory. One of these countries, Republic of Serbia, doesn’t recognize Kosovo’s legal status, known by the majority of world countries. I don’t think that an international organization such as NATO, will integrate a country which is not institutional functional, as it is the case with Kosovo. Kosovo is a country where a part of its territory is not governed by its authorities, a country which has not defined its borders and a country that doesn’t offer functional stability and stability of security.
IBNA: What do you think Kosovo’s priorities in terms of European integration will be?
The main problem with Kosovo relates to the lack of accountability by officials and when the fight against organized crime and corruption is added to this challenge, European integration is almost impossible to be imagined. Kosovo has built a legal infrastructural infrastructure which turns into an obstacle in building new institutions. As far as legal packages are concerned, the majority of them have been harmonized with international standards, but the issue of their implementation leaves much to desire and the lack of institutional capacities for the implementation of legislation makes responsibility even bigger.
IBNA: Is Kosovo coming to a gridlock in the process of new recognitions by other countries? What can Kosovo do more?
It seems that the actions of our representatives in their calls for more recognitions have been unstructured actions and the recognitions have mainly come thanks to the support of large countries. This is also manifested by the fact that Kosovo is yet to find a way to penetrate in the diplomatic channels of several countries which do not share the same interests as large countries that have good relations with Kosovo. Normalization of relations with Serbia has not yielded any results so far in changing the stance of the five EU member countries which have not yet recognized our country.
IBNA: How do you consider EULEX role in Kosovo?
The continuation of EULEX mandate in Kosovo is another proof that our country is not able to govern itself in several sensitive domains and these domains have turned into insurmountable obstacles in the Euro Atlantic integration process of our country. Kosovo continues not to generate any tangible results in the fight against corruption. but for experts of law and order, the absence of EULEX in the country would offer a better ground for criminal offenders. /balkaneu.com/