In an exclusive interview for IBNA Eminent Kosovar professor and historian, Jusuf Buxhovi talks about the normalization of relations between Kosovo and Serbia and the role of political parties in Kosovo. In this interview, Buxhovi says that a deal with Belgrade must act as a starting point for mutual recognition. He is against the ideas of partition which could threaten the sovereignty of the Republic of Kosovo and open the Pandora Box for the Balkan region. When he talks about political parties, he says that their decriminalization can only be achieved through the Special Court
IBNA: Do you think Albanians and Serbs will reconcile in the near future?
We must distinguish between historical reconciliation between Albanians and Serbs and reconciliation between Kosovo and Serbia as two states. The fact that these two things are being mixed up, has led to political confusion in terms of the relations between Belgrade, Tirana and Pristina. This gave rise to issues such as “Greater Albania” on one side and “Greater Serbia” on the other as the best recipe for regional problems, by sacrificing the state of Kosovo, which may be considered as the biggest achievement for Albanians this century. To prevent this sort of bargaining, politicians must focus on normalizing state relations between Kosovo and Serbia. Any other discussion outside of this formula is unacceptable, damaging and it only benefits Belgrade!
IBNA: Can Albania be involved in reaching a final deal between Kosovo and Serbia?
Albania cannot be involved in a deal based on Rama’s concept, according to which the state of Kosovo must be sacrificed in the name of “unity” with Albania in order for some municipalities to be given to Albania and some others to Serbia. I’d like to stress once again that Tirana must support Kosovo’s sovereignty without getting involved in bargaining with Belgrade.
How do you consider the role of Albanian political parties in Kosovo?
Since independence was declared, political parties in the country were not focused on the consolidation of the state; instead, they’ve been driven by their political interests. In general, political parties in Kosovo are despotic political parties, that want to come into power to plunder the state.
IBNA: Do we have a serious opposition alternative in Kosovo?
The biggest problem in Kosovo is that political parties are tied to organized crime. LDK and Self Determination continue to be controlled by the same people, who decide on all matters there. The only solution is for the US and EU to influence in order to create a caretaker government. There also needs to be a vetting of the judicial system and a new electoral code that prevents criminals from participating in elections. The Special Court will have an important role in this process of decriminalization of the political system by bringing to justice all corrupt politicians who have ties with criminals. /ibna/