IBNA Analysis/Do mujahedeens in Tirana pose a threat?

IBNA Analysis/Do mujahedeens in Tirana pose a threat?

By Dorina Hoxha*

Contrary to us, that according to philosopher Nietzche, attack ourselves in conditions of peace, they use all their efforts against the denier of life, against the dictator and for a peaceful life without political unrest and without the fear from sudden attacks.

This is today the situation of thousands of Iranians from Liberty and Ashraf camp, a part of which have been welcomed by the Albanian state and accommodated in several suburbs of Tirana. All the media attention was focused on the first arrival of the mujahedeen group in Tirana two years ago.

Does the accommodation of mujahedeens of Liberty and Ashraf camps in Tirana pose a threat?! This was also the only concern of Albanian citizens after the publication of the news. The perception that has been created from the war situations in Middle East has had an impact in the creation of psychological barriers toward them. If the term Iraq is mentioned, then the created perception rests on the other term-war. This also happens with Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan and other countries of Middle East which contain the suffix “stan”. The lack of knowledge or even worse, the conveying of the news through the media, has transformed us into war-phobics; Islamophobics and perhaps even conceptophobes.

The two terms that have the most negative connotation today in media networks are mujahedeen and jihadist. These two term have different meanings. According to the etymology of the two meetings, they mean “warrior”, but what makes these two concepts different is their scope. If the first term uses human being as a scope, in the second term, it’s used as an instrument. The matters of the Eastern region are complex because there are many infiltrated factors such as: Economic factor (geographic position rich with natural resources such as gas and oil);

Religious creed;

Internal and external political forces;

Terrorist groups;

The impact and the intervention of world powers;

There will be some of them who will be clear of the political situation in the Eastern region. History will be the only answer to the truth, a truth which is based on objectivity and historical facts.

The man has two abilities of gaining knowledge. The ability of thought (reasoning/intellect) and the ability of senses. Which one of the two dominates the recognition of individual in the case in question?! If it was intellect, then it would not require senses through which we would recognize.

The issue of the accommodation of mujahedeens puts political decision making of the expression of the thinking ability to a test by neglecting social phobias and the risk that could be posed on Albania by people from the Iranian dictatorship regime.

Politics seems to have believed in the recognition of thought and this relates to the skepticism of the citizens.

Does the accommodation of Iranian mujahedeens in Albania pose a threat? In fact, this matter doesn’t only imply the fear from a direct attack, but also the risk of ruining political relations, which on one side can lead to a refusal to recognize the state of Kosovo. For economists, the accommodation of mujahedeens can serve as a cause to create an unfavorable climate for the investors of these countries.

Today, this skepticism has captured the Albanian public opinion and consists on one side of the medal.

On the other side, it bears the moral weight of a history of pains, the patriotic and moral effort of a nation to fight the violation of the right to live and macabre executions.

Who are mujahedeens?

Around 210 mujahedeens have been accommodated in the suburbs of Tirana. But who are they? Where do they come from? Why are they fought?

Mujahedeen is a term coming from the Arab and identifies someone who makes efforts to commit to something. But based on the recent events, this term implies the warrior for patriotism or jihad. In the past decades, it has widely spread on the media. The mujahedeens of the people of Iran, a part of which have been accommodated in Albania, are a laic group, who make patriotic efforts to liberate their country from dictatorship.

They are led by “MEK” (Mojahedin e-Khalq), an Iranian Islamic movement founded in 1965 with the aim of objecting the ‘Shah” movement in Iraq and fight the Islamic Iranian regime which came into power in 1979 from the violent revolution of those years.

Why are mujahedeens placed in the Liberty and Ashraf camp in Iraq?

The history of this placement dates back to 1986. Displaced from their country, members of “MEK” movement were given the status of refugees by the president of that time and in 1986, they were accommodated in the so called Ashraf camp. In August 2012, USA removed this movement from the list of foreign terrorist organizations. Previously, this movement was considered by the USA as a terrorist organization, referring to the criminal acts which caused the death of six American nationals in 1970.

Mullah regime and the opposition of the Iranian government

After the 1979 revolution in Iran, the efforts of this people for democracy and equal rights were betrayed and immediately after the Pahlav Shah regime came the religious dictatorship of Mullah. The group of leader Mullah not only claimed the revolution, but in the name of Islamic religion, macabre executions were carried out against political dissidents, women, young people, ethnic and religious minorities. Following this situation, thousands of Iranian refugees were placed in Ashraf and Liberty camp in Iraq. But even this was not a solution, because dictator Mullah attacked there.


In spite of constant attacks, the people of Iran believes and hopes on the aspirations for human rights and democracy. NCRI (National Council of Resistance against Iran) is a wide political coalition, consisting of organizations and personalities that represent the diversity of Iranian society and make up what is known as the Democratic Iranian Opposition. This opposition accepts political pluralism and its scope is to end the religious dictatorship of the regime. /ibna/

*Publicist, Tirana

**Author’s note

As a publicist, but as a citizen first of all, I was concerned about the accommodation of mujahedeens in Tirana. Based on personal uncertainties, but also based on the direct contact that I have had with this community, I saw it fit, but also as a moral obligation to write an informative analysis. There’s been a lot of debate about their accommodation, because this thing in the public perception could have an impact in the aggravation of political relations, something which would lead to the refusal of these countries to recognize the state of Kosovo.