By Daniel Stroe – Bucharest
The far right and ultranationalist Hungarian party Jobbik won’t accept the interdiction imposed by the Romanian Government to two of its members who are no longer allowed to enter the Romanian territory following violent protests last week, one of the two envisaged by this measure reacted today.
Last night, the Romanian Ministry of Interior nominated four Hungarian citizens deemed to have been directly involved in last week’s protests in Targu Mures, during a march for autonomy of the Magyar minority. The four Hungarians are Tyrityan Zsolt, Zagyva Gyorgy Gyula, Szavay Istvan and Mikola Bela. Zsolt is a member of the so-called “Outlaws’ Army”, Gyula is a member and MP of Jobbik, the far right Hungarian parliamentary party, Istvan, also a Jobbik member and Hungarian lawmaker, while Bela is a member of the “New Magyar Guard” organization. They are all denied entry in Romania for one year.
A week ago, about 4,000 Hungarians marched through the city of Targu Mures, lying on the edge of the so-called Szeklersland, the Magyar majority inhabited in central Romania, covering about three counties – Covasna, Harghita and partially Mures. After speeches spanning three hours, the organizers told the participants to march downtown to the seat of the prefecture, the government representing institution in the country, even thought they were not authorized to leave the initial route they were given permission to march along.
As they left, groups of demonstrators later identified as having come from Hungary started shouting at gendarmes, pushing in attempt to break the security cordon and throwing stones at a certain point, chanting “Hungaria”, “Let the Trianon perish” (Trianon, the WWI treaty which forced Hungary to cede Transylvania to Romania) and “Autonomy”.
Reacting to the measure announced last night, Szavay Istvan told the Hungarian news agency MTI that the decision is excessive while the explanations of the Romanian authorities are vague. He pointed out Jobbik didn’t do anything, verbally or in practice, to justify such a measure on the part of the Romanian authorities. The Hungarian lawmaker also believes the decision taken by the Romanian Government is aimed at both Jobbik and the Hungarian community in Transylvania with a view to intimidate them.
Jobbik will not allow that, Szavay added, arguing his party will keep presenting its electoral program in Transylvania. This agenda doesn’t contain anything that can be viewed as against Romania or its legislation, Szavany concluded.
But the scandal, which Jobbik is involved in, seems to have benefited the party in terms of electoral exposure, with the latest polls showing the ultranationalists on the rise before next month’s elections. Jobbik is currently the third largest party in the Hungarian Parliament where it has 47 out of a total of 386 seats. It also holds three seats in the European Parliament. Jobbik also has branches in Serbia, Slovakia and Ukraine, apart from the eight offices opened in Transylvania which is home to the largest Magyar community in Diaspora. The party has lost support over time due to its sometimes considered neo-Nazi message and overt anti-Semitic and anti-Roma speech which drew the ire of the West.