“The decrease of population in Albania is not similar to the decrease in other countries of the region, which report a growth of their respective populations and in general, to the demographic performance of the European Union, the population of which in 2016 was 510.2 million people
Albanian population is decreasing. After the confirmation of this demographic phenomenon by the Institute of Statistics (INSTAT) in its recent report, this decrease is also reflected by the figures issued by European Institute of Statistics (EUROSTAT). According to this institute, Albania is the only country in the region which has a falling trend of its population. Namely, this institution reports that in 2016, population in Albania was 2.886.026. This figure reflects a drop if compared to a decade ago, when it was 3.149 million, namely in 2006. Thus, from one year to another, Albanian population has seen a constant drop. This falling trend is not similar to the trend in other countries of the region, which report a growth of their respective populations and in general, to the demographic performance of the European Union, the population of which in 2016 was 510.2 million people as opposed to 508.5 million in 2015.
Meanwhile, if we analyze the countries of the region, where Albania is part of, the population of Montenegro last year was 622.200 as opposed to 622 thousand a year before. Turkey has also reported an increase of the population from 77.695 million in 2015 to 78.741 million in 2016. Macedonia too has seen a modest increase of its population from 2.071 million to 2.069 million people in 2015. Meanwhile, countries such as Serbia or Kosovo have registered a slight fall of their population, the same as Albania, but in contrast to Albania, if they have registered this decrease in the past year alone, Albania’s decrease has been progressive in the recent years and this has reflected the general trend in Europe as far as the demographic aspect is concerned. However, even the European demographic aspect is not the same as in Albania, because the latter’s population also includes migrant workers living abroad.
At the same time, birth rates in Albania have also seen a decrease. “Population in Albania on 1 January 2017 was 2.88 million, thus registering an increase for the first time since 2001. Compared to a year ago, the population grew by 1 thousand people”, says the last report of the Institute of Statistics in relation to the population. The report adds that for the first time after 2001, natural growth of the population exceeded net migration, resulting in a slight increase of the population on 1 January 2017. “The figures relating to the population on 1 January 2017 showed that only three districts of the country registered an increase of the population compared to a year ago, while nine of them registered a decrease. The biggest increase was registered in Tirana (+23.0 per 1000 residents), followed by Durres (+16.5 per 1000 residents) and Vlora (+4.15 per 1000 residents). Meanwhile, the biggest falls were registered in Gjirokastra (- 30.6 per 1000 residents), Dibra (-26.9 per 1000 residents), Berat (-25.8 per 1000 residents) and Kukes (-21.3 per 1000 residents). In total, Albania’s population grew by +0.3 per 1000 residents on 1 January 2017”, say experts of INSTAT on the trend of the Albanian population during 2016.
Million people is the official number of the Albanian population declared by the European Institute of Statistics for 2016. A decade ago, in 2005, this institution reported that Albania’s population was 3.134 million.