Brussels, March 18, 2016/Independent Balkan News Agency
By Spiros Sideris
With an Agreement ended the extraordinary meeting of the EU-Turkey Summit in Brussels on the refugee issue. After several hours of negotiations, reactions and objections from EU Member States and Turkey, late on Friday afternoon was signed the Agreement for the resolution of the refugee crisis.
Despite the agreement reached, EU leaders appear cautiously optimistic regarding the implementation of the Agreement by all parties.
During a press conference in Brussels, A. Tsipras stressed that for the implementation of the Agreement, Greece will receive immediately substantial aid in infrastructure and personnel, while emphasized that from now on three filters will be applied, which should lead to a reduction of refugee and migration flows.
The prime minister spoke of a “major diplomatic success” of Greece, noting that all these days, albeit quietly, but in consultation with the Republic of Cyprus, we worked to prevent the unreasonable demands of the Turkish side, which wanted to put on the table the Cyprus problem.
For his part, Turkish Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu said after the meeting: “The date of the Agreement is historic, the EU and Turkey have the same future. The matter does not concern the management of a crisis, we have to share a vision and we have a common goal. We will face the problems of the people of the Aegean Sea and the surrounding area.
The EU should accept on its lands the same number of persons as Turkey. There are concrete plans. In the coming weeks will be given EUR 3 bn. This will not go to Turkey. This money will be given for the sake of Syrian refugees and Turkey will take care of managing these funds.
When all steps have been completed, the procedures for the accession of Turkey should start. We will speed up the opening of other chapters. There is no future of Turkey without the EU and vice versa. We need an agreement on the refugee crisis. We will try to create a peaceful neighborhood.
On his part, the President of the Republic of Cyprus said:
“First and foremost, I would like to express my full satisfaction with the outcome of today’s very crucial Summit.
From the outset Cyprus had a very clear position. While we fully understand the need to effectively address this unprecedented migration crisis, including in cooperation with Turkey, it must be crystal clear that the the migration crisis and the accession negotiations are two distinct processes.
The opening of the chapters in Turkey’s accession negotiations – both the chapters frozen unanimously by the EU in 2006 and the chapters frozen unilaterally by Cyprus in 2009 – depends solely on Turkey fulfilling its obligations, as outlined in Turkey’s Negotiating Framework, including the implementation of the Additional Protocol towards the Republic of Cyprus.
I would like to thank my colleagues for their solidarity and understanding to Cyprus’s position. Allow me to highlight President Tusk’s effective and masterful handling of what were very challenging negotiations. His contribution was decisive in reaching an honourable compromise for all.
It would be an omission not The publicly thank the Prime Minister of Greece for his persistent support to the positions of the Republic of Cyprus. This, despite the high stakes for Greece on reaching an agreement to address the serious problems the country faces as a result of the migration crisis. I would also like to thank President Hollande, whose support and contribution was instrumental in paving the way to reaching an agreement.
Finally, let me underline the following: Cyprus has been and will continue to be a steadfast supporter of Turkey’s accession path to the EU, on the condition of course that Turkey fulfils its obligations. Implementation of the Additional Protocol towards Cyprus will re-renergise Turkey’s accession negotiations and at the same time it will be a tangible demonstration of Turkey’s commitment to contribute concretely to the negotiations for a comprehensive settlement of the Cyprus problem”.
The full text of the Agreement is as follows:
Turkey and the European Union reconfirmed their commitment to the implementation of their joint action plan activated on 29 November 2015. Much progress has been achieved already, including Turkey’s opening of its labour market to Syrians under temporary protection, the introduction of new visa requirements for Syrians and other nationalities, stepped up security efforts by the Turkish coast guard and police and enhanced information sharing. Moreover, the European Union has begun disbursing the 3 billion euro of the Facility for Refugees in Turkey for concrete projects and work has advanced on visa liberalisation and in the accession talks, including the opening of Chapter 17 last December. On 7 March 2016, Turkey furthermore agreed to accept the rapid return of all migrants not in need of international protection crossing from Turkey into Greece and to take back all irregular migrants intercepted in Turkish waters. Turkey and the EU also agreed to continue stepping up measures against migrant smugglers and welcomed the establishment of the NATO activity on the Aegean Sea. At the same time Turkey and the EU recognise that further, swift and determined efforts are needed.
In order to break the business model of the smugglers and to offer migrants an alternative to putting their lives at risk, the EU and Turkey today decided to end the irregular migration from Turkey to the EU. In order to achieve this goal, they agreed on the following additional action points:
1) All new irregular migrants crossing from Turkey into Greek islands as from 20 March 2016 will be returned to Turkey. This will take place in full accordance with EU and international law, thus excluding any kind of collective expulsion. All migrants will be protected in accordance with the relevant international standards and in respect of the principle of non-refoulement. It will be a temporary and extraordinary measure which is necessary to end the human suffering and restore public order. Migrants arriving in the Greek islands will be duly registered and any application for asylum will be processed individually by the Greek authorities in accordance with the Asylum Procedures Directive, in cooperation UNHCR with. Migrants not applying for asylum or whose application has been found unfounded or inadmissible in accordance with the said directive will be returned to Turkey. Turkey and Greece, assisted by EU institutions and agencies, will take the necessary steps and agree any necessary bilateral arrangements, including the presence of Turkish officials on Greek islands and Greek officials in Turkey as from 20 March 2016, to ensure liaison and thereby facilitate the smooth functioning of these arrangements. The costs of the return operations of irregular migrants will be covered by the EU.
2) For every Syrian being returned to Turkey from Greek islands, another Syrian will be resettled from Turkey to the EU taking into account the UN Vulnerability Criteria. A mechanism will be established, with the assistance of the Commission, EU agencies and other Member States, as well as the UNHCR, to ensure that this principle will be implemented as from the same day the returns start. Priority will be given to migrants who have not previously entered or tried to enter the EU irregularly. On the EU side, resettlement under this mechanism will take place, in the first instance, by honouring the commitments taken by Member States in the conclusions of Representatives of the Governments of Member States meeting within the Council on 20 July 2015, of which 18.000 places for resettlement remain. Any further need for resettlement will be carried out through a similar voluntary arrangement up to a limit of an additional 54.000 persons. The Members of the European Council welcome the Commission’s intention to propose an amendment to the relocation decision of 22 September 2015 to allow for any resettlement commitment undertaken in the framework of this arrangement to be offset from non-allocated places under the decision. Should these arrangements not meet the objective of ending the irregular migration and the number of returns come close to the numbers provided for above, this mechanism will be reviewed. Should the number of returns exceed the numbers provided for above, this mechanism will be discontinued.
3) Turkey will take any necessary measures to prevent new sea or land routes for illegal migration opening from Turkey to the EU, and will cooperate with neighbouring states as well as the EU to this effect.
4) Once irregular crossings between Turkey and the EU are ending or at least have been substantially and sustainably reduced, a Voluntary Humanitarian Admission Scheme will be activated. EU Member States will contribute on a voluntary basis to this scheme.
5) The fulfilment of the visa liberalisation roadmap will be accelerated vis-à-vis all participating Member States with a view to lifting the visa requirements for Turkish citizens at the latest by the end of June 2016, provided that all benchmarks have been met. To this end Turkey will take the necessary steps to fulfil the remaining requirements to allow the Commission to make, following the required assessment of compliance with the benchmarks, an appropriate proposal by the end of April on the basis of which the European Parliament and the Council can make a final decision.
6) The EU, in close cooperation with Turkey, will further speed up the disbursement of the initially allocated 3 billion euros under the Facility for Refugees in Turkey and ensure funding of further projects for persons under temporary protection identified with swift input from Turkey before the end of March. A first list of concrete projects for refugees, notably in the field of health, education, infrastructure, food and other living costs, that can be swiftly financed from the Facility, will be jointly identified within a week. Once these resources are about to be used to the full, and provided the above commitments are met, the EU will mobilise additional funding for the Facility of an additional 3 billion euro up to the end of 2018.
7) The EU and Turkey welcomed the ongoing work on the upgrading of the Customs Union.
8) The EU and Turkey reconfirmed their commitment to re-energise the accession process as set out in their joint statement of 29 November 2015. They welcomed the opening of Chapter 17 on 14 December 2015 and decided, as a next step, to open Chapter 33 during the Netherlands presidency. They welcomed that the Commission will put forward a proposal to this effect in April. Preparatory work for the opening of other Chapters will continue at an accelerated pace without prejudice to Member States’ positions in accordance with the existing rules.
9) The EU and its Member States will work with Turkey in any joint endeavour to improve humanitarian conditions inside Syria, in particular in certain areas near the Turkish border which would allow for the local population and refugees to live in areas which will be more safe .
All these elements will be taken forward in parallel and monitored jointly on a monthly basis.
The EU and Turkey decided to meet again as necessary in accordance with the joint statement of 29 November 2015.