In May 2019, the Croatian government introduced a new national energy strategy for 2030 and in a second instance for 2050.
The proposal is currently under public consultation.
This new national energy strategy looks at three different cases:
In the first case, the country will continue to move along the lines it has already set in the Energy Sector, without further adjustments or changes to the regulatory framework.
In the latter case, the country will follow and implement a rapid transition program in a framework governing the energy sector on the basis of EU requirements.
In the third case, the country will pursue and gradually implement a series of energy reforms.
In any case, as it is pointed out, it is well known that Croatia must take innovative measures so as not to repeat what happened in 2010, when the country “exhausted” its margins and capabilities regarding electricity consumption.
However, electricity consumption has been steadily declining since, due to the fall of the population, but also because of measures aimed at saving energy.
Over the next ten years total energy consumption is expected to decline by 1% if the country follows the third version and by 5% if the country follows the second version, while by 2050 total energy consumption is expected to drop drastically by 17% if country follows the third version and 26% if the country follows the second version.
Renewable Energy is therefore expected to increase its share of total electricity generation by 10% by 2030 and by 15% by 2050 in the third case, while projections based on the second case are expected to move to the same levels as today by 2030, and by 2050 their share is expected to rise to 56.2%!
Should Croatia proceed gradually with the implementation of what the EU has set out in the energy sector, by 2030 wind energy is expected to account for 21.3% of power generation, solar energy 6.1%, geothermal energy 0.8%, while hydroelectricity will see its share drop at 44% from 62% in 2010.
By 2050, in the same case, Renewable Energy will provide 79% of the total electricity generated.
However, in the event that Croatia immediately implements the EU’s requirements in an effort to tackle climate change, a more drastic change is envisaged that will make the country a leader in the Balkans.
By 2030, renewable energy will account for 75.1% and by 2050 87.7% of the total electricity generated./ibna