The Economist’s Intelligence Unit has published the 2020 ranking of countries according to the Democracy Index.
The Democracy Index measures the state of democracy in 167 countries, of which 166 are sovereign states and 164 are United Nations member states.
According to the ranking in 2020, a large majority of countries, 116 out of a total of 167 (almost 70%), experienced a decline in their overall performance compared to 2019.
Only 38 (22.6%) improved while another 13 remained stable, with their scores remaining unchanged compared to 2019. There were some impressive improvements in the ranking, but also some dramatic drops.
In the Balkans, Albania was upgraded from a “hybrid regime” in 2019 to a “flawed democracy” in 2020.
Cyprus, Slovenia, Greece, Bulgaria, Croatia, Romania, Serbia, and Albania are classified as “flawed democracies”, while North Macedonia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Turkey remain in the category of “hybrid regime”.
Slovenia, Greece, Romania, Albania, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Turkey rose in the rankings.
Cyprus, Croatia and Serbia remained stable, while Bulgaria and North Macedonia dropped in the ranking.
All countries except Slovenia, Albania, Montenegro and Turkey, which improved their score, recorded a decrease in the overall score.
More specifically, Cyprus is in 34th place in the ranking with a score of 7.56 and emerges as the most democratic country among the “flawed democracies” in the region of Southeast Europe. It remains in the same position with a decrease in democracy by 0.03 compared to 2019.
Slovenia climbed one place in the ranking and from 36th is ranked 35th, while in the overall ranking it records an increase from 7.50 in 2019 to 7.54 in 2020
Greece climbed two places in the ranking and from 39th place in 2019 rose to 37th in 2020, but with a decrease in its overall score that from 7.43 in 2019 dropped to 7.39
Bulgaria dropped to 52nd with a score of 6.71, from 47th place in 2019 and 7.03 points.
Croatia remained stable in the ranking, occupying the 59th place with a decrease in its score, as from 6.57 it fell to 6.50.
Romania went up a place, rising from 63rd to 62nd, but also having a reduced score as it scored 6.40 from 6.49 in 2019.
Serbia remained stable in 66th place but with a drop in the standings as it received 6.22 compared to 6.41 last year.
The group of “flawed democracies” is completed by the newcomer Albania, which climbed 8 places from 2019, occupying the 71st place from 79 and increasing its score to 6.08 from 5.89 in 2019.
The first country in the group of “hybrid regimes” is North Macedonia, which fell by one position, occupying the 78th place, from the 77th that was in 2019, also recording a drop in the overall score, which from 5.97 in 2019 fell to 5.86 in 2020.
Montenegro recorded an increase in both position and ranking as from 84th place in 2019 it rose to 81st, while in the overall ranking it rose from 5.65 to 5.77.
Bosnia and Herzegovina went up a place to 101st, from of 102nd with a slight loss in the overall standings, receiving 4.84 from 4.86 in 2019.
Finally, Turkey occupies the 104th place, making a jump of six places in the ranking and from the 110th place it climbed to 104th for 2020, recording an increase in the overall score as from 4.09 it rose to 4.48 in 2020./ibna