Debates for the solution of the crisis, options for the interim government

Debates for the solution of the crisis, options for the interim government

Skopje, 23 June 2015/Independent Balkan News Agency

By Naser Pajaziti

In the recent days, a debate is taking place in FYROM as to how will the interim government which will undertake the reforms and hold the fresh elections, will be.

The next round of talks between the leaders of the main political parties, which will decide the finalization of agreements, based on which the opposition will return to parliament and an interim government will be created, will take place on June 29. But this interim government which will have a six month term will be led by the current PM and leader of VMRO-DPMNE, Nikola Gruevski. Its mandate will last until the end of this year the latest .

The model with two ministers

One of the proposals for the new interim government is the election of two ministers in one ministry. One of them will have the role of supervisor and without his signature, no decision can be taken. SDSM has declared that it’s in favor of this proposal and that it has been discussed in the recent meetings of the leaders of four parties.

This is the  most discussed scenario as a possible solution of June 29 in the final meeting between the sides. According to different sources, this scenario has also been discussed in Brussels and sides have harmonized their stances, but they could not come to a final agreement. It’s still unclear who would lead the government from the end of the year, if Gruevski’s mandate would cease through political resignation or with the change of the Election Code, suggesting a provision that would oblige the heads of political parties not to hold the post of PM for a particular period of time before the elections.

Opposition insists on Gruevski’s removal

Leader of SDSM, Zoran Zaev has stressed the need for Gruevski to leave six months before the elections and the creation of a mechanism for the control of institutions.

“Zaev clarified the need for Gruevski’s resignation 6 months before the elections, along with the need for the citizens to have faith on the electoral process, without threats, exploitation of institutional resources and political power”, declared SDSM following a meeting between their leader and the Italian ambassador, Massimo Bellelli.

In contrast to the Macedonian opposition, PM Gruevski says that SDSM is trying to overthrow him from power through the use of dark forces. Gruevski has stressed that he’s ready to enter new elections and according to him, they would be won by his party VMRO-DPMNE.

“The people are our strength. The people are our state. Although we’re unified as never before, our party is facing attacks from outside. Unable to win political battles in a normal and democratic way, our opponent, in collaboration with dark forces, is trying to ruin our party and damage the state. Instead of this they are ruining themselves. They set a trap for themselves by accepting early elections, which will be won by us”, Gruevski declared during the weekend on the 25th anniversary of his party.

EU’s mission to achieve the agreement

On the other hand, Brussels doesn’t waste time to start the implementation of the June 2 agreement achieved in Skopje. The Belgian expert, Piter Vanhojt has been staying in Skopje in the past few days to hold meetings with representatives of political parties in order to look into ways on how to deliver this part of the agreement:

“From mid June until the end of August 2015, the EU will facilitate dialogue to struck a deal on issues of structural reforms. This agreement will also include the reforms which must be undertaken in Chapters 23 and 24, independent representation and functioning of the relevant state authorities, more freedom to the media and full compliance with the Opinions and Recommendations of the Venice Commission”. /ibna/