By Andreas Pimpisi
The absence of reference to the form of a solution to the Cyprus issue, at a time when a new effort is being prepared in the Cyprus issue and with the Turkish officials constantly making references to a two-state solution, is something that is of great concern to Nicosia. That is why the search has begun to find out why in his report the Secretary-General of the United Nations avoided recording the form of solution to the problem.
The fact that the absence of reference to the form of the solution comes on the eve of the attempt to convene a quinquepartite summit worries Nicosia even more. That is why during today’s meeting of President Anastasiades with Jane Holl Lute, some answers will be sought. What primarily interests the Greek Cypriot side is whether the United Nations wants to go to the quinquepartite with the issue of the form of the solution open.
Given that – according to information – the United Nations wants from now on to clarify the content of the joint statement of the quinquepartite, additional questions are raised regarding the absence of a report by the Secretary-General on the form of the solution to the problem. Jane Holl Lute may be able to provide some answers to this question.
The meeting of President Anastasiades with the special envoy of the Secretary General of the United Nations is scheduled for 10:30 this morning. At 14:30 in the afternoon Jane Holl Lute will go to the occupied territories for a meeting with the Turkish Cypriot leader Ersin Tatar.
Nicosia notes that the terms of the mandate received by the UN Secretary General to offer his Good Services to reach a solution to the Cyprus problem explicitly determine what this solution will be, which is none other than the bi-zonal bi-communal federation. According to diplomatic circles, corrections should be expected on the specific text and one of them will be the recording of the form of solution to the Cyprus problem.
Although there is a certainty regarding this correction, the task will not be easy if we take into account that the Turkish side should feel fully satisfied with the absence – at this time – of reference to the form of a solution to the Cyprus problem.
Throughout the report, the only references to a federation are in the attached briefing reports of the two leaders (with President Anastasiades considering it the basis of the solution and Ersin Tatar considering it exhausted as an option) and in paragraph 10 where there is a reference to the statement of the President of the Republic, after his meeting with the Turkish Cypriot leader on November 3, under the auspices of Elizabeth Spehar.
The UN statement said the two leaders expressed their determination to respond positively to the Secretary-General’s stated commitment to explore the possibility of convening an informal five-plus-one meeting, in a favorable atmosphere, at the appropriate stage. It records the statement of President Anastasiades, who said that he conveyed his determination to participate in an informal 5 + 1 meeting “based on the relevant resolutions of the Security Council and a bi-zonal, bi-communal federation”. Ersin Tatar noted that he strongly believes that the time has come to explore new approaches such as the use of the concept of “sovereign equality” and that the informal five-plus-one meeting would be an important opportunity for the Turkish Cypriot side to brings new ideas to the “table”.
Suggestion for parallel opening of ports
In his letter to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, President Anastasiades submits a specific proposal regarding the opening of the port of Famagusta while at the same time implementing the Ankara agreement. The Anastasiades proposal follows the logic of the parallel opening of the port of Famagusta with the opening of the Turkish ports for the ships under the Cypriot flag.
It is estimated that the opening of ports is one of the confidence building measures that can be implemented without particular problems. This is because through this path there is no question of recognizing sovereignty and the existence of a separate state entity.
While in the case of airports, such as that of Tympos, things are not so simple. That is why in his letter, the President of the Republic of Cyprus made it clear that the opening of the Tympos “airport” will be accepted only if it comes under the control of the United Nations and provided there will not be a separate flight control area.
In his report, which was sent to the members of the Security Council, the Secretary-General also addressed the issue of UNHCR. He notes the lack of progress on the part of the two leaders in tabling new measures. Antonio Guterres says that “after the emergence of leadership in the north, the UN encouraged both sides to renew their efforts to agree on measures that will bring communities closer together”. The UN Secretary-General continues to consider confidence-building measures important for Cyprus and encourages the parties to submit proposals and ideas or to review previous proposals so that discussions and progress can continue.
Anastasiades’s letter to Guterres with specific Confidence-Building Measures (CBMs) is essentially a response to the repeated calls from the UN Secretary-General./ibna