Cyprus: Despite a 1.4% increase, population is still ageing

Cyprus: Despite a 1.4% increase, population is still ageing

The population in the liberated areas of Cyprus was estimated at 888,000 at the end of 2019, recording a 1.4% increase compared to 875,000 at the end of 2018, according to the Statistical Service of Cyprus.

Taking a closer look at the demographic statistics for 2019 published today by the Statistical Service, last year’s total fertility rate was estimated at 1.30, plateaued from 2018 and lower than 2.10, the required percentage to ensure the replenishment of the population. At the same time, there are indications of an ageing population.

More specifically, the percentage of children under the age of 15 was estimated at 16% in 2019 while that of the elderly aged 65 and over 16.3%, compared to 22.3% and 11, 3% respectively in 2000. “There was a gradual increase in the percentage of the elderly and a decrease in the percentage of children, indicative of the ageing trend of the population,” the statement notes.

In 2019, the number of births in state-controlled areas increased to 9,548 from 9,329 in the previous year, while the gross birth rate was calculated at 10.8 per 1,000 inhabitants. In 2019, the total fertility rate was measured at 1.33 and remained unchanged YoY. Overall fertility rate has declined gradually in recent years, after culminating at 2.50 in 1982.

Since 1995, the overall fertility rate has remained lower than 2.10 – a percentage needed to ensure population replenishment, according to the Statistical Service.

Moreover, as mentioned, the average age of the mother at the birth of her first child was 29.6 years, while the average age for all births in 2019, regardless of the order of birth of the children, was 31.2 years.

According to the Statistical Service, the number of deaths in the areas controlled by the State was 6,239 in 2019 compared to 5,768 in 2018. Gross mortality rate IN 2019 increased to 7.1 deaths per 1,000 inhabitants, from 6.6 in 2018.

Life expectancy at birth for 2019 was estimated at 80.1 years for men and 84.2 years for women, compared to 80.7 years for men and 84.6 years for women in 2018.

At the same time, infant mortality levels have been debased, with the ratio estimated at 2.6 infant deaths per 1,000 births in 2019.

Based on the data, net migration in Cyprus was positive from 1983 to 2011. During the period 2012-2015, negative net migration was observed, while from 2016 net migration returned to positive ground. In 2019, it was estimated at 8,797.

The number of immigrants to Cyprus (Cypriot repatriates and foreigners coming for settlement or temporary employment for more than 1 year) was 26,170 in 2019 from 23,442 in 2018.

According to the Statistical Service, the number of immigrants from Cyprus (Cypriots and foreigners who have stayed in Cyprus for at least a year) is estimated at 17,373 for 2019 compared to 15,340 in 2018.

The total number of marriages in 2019 increased to 14,854 from 13,783 last year. Ecclesiastical weddings surged from 3,918 in 2018 to 4,173 in 2019 and civil weddings rose from 9,865 in 2018 to 10,681 in 2019. As in previous years, a significant number of civil weddings were performed by non-residents of Cyprus. Specifically, out of the total of 10,681 civil marriages that took place, only 3,673 were marriages between residents of Cyprus. Hence, the total number of marriages of the inhabitants of Cyprus amounted to 7,846.

As mentioned, in 2019 the number of divorces also rose to 2,308, from 2,114 issued in 2018. Gross divorce rate was estimated at 2.62 per 1,000 inhabitants in 2019, compared to 2.43 in 2018.

Overall divorce rate, indicating the percentage of marriages expected to end in divorce, reached 361.7 per 1,000 marriages in 2019, up from 41.6 in 1980. /ibna