Cyprus: Celebrations in Varosha condemned by Greece, Cyprus and the EU

Cyprus: Celebrations in Varosha condemned by Greece, Cyprus and the EU

The celebrations in the enclosed city of Famagusta in the presence of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on the 37th anniversary of the illegal and unilateral declaration of the Turkish Cypriot entity as a “state” brought a storm of reactions.

The visit of the Turkish President to Famagusta and his participation in the festivities was condemned by the Republic of Cyprus, Greece and the European Union through a statement by the High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Josep Borrell.

According to Josep Borrell, “current developments in Varosha come at a time when efforts are under way to create a space for dialogue and the need for a speedy resumption of UN-sponsored negotiations for a comprehensive settlement and reunification based on the progress made so far. The European Union stands ready to play an active role in supporting these negotiations and in finding lasting solutions.

The EU is fully committed to a comprehensive settlement of the Cyprus problem and a reunification based on a bi-zonal, bi-communal federation with political equality, within the United Nations and in accordance with the principles on which the EU is based.

The EU reaffirmed the importance of the status quo in Varosha, as set out in the relevant UN Security Council resolutions, in particular Resolutions 550 (1984) and 789 (1992). Actions that do not comply with these decisions should not be taken.

There is an urgent need for Turkey to make concrete contributions and take responsible action in order to create a favorable environment for negotiations. The EU message is very clear: there is no alternative to a comprehensive settlement of the Cyprus problem, other than on the basis of relevant UN Security Council resolutions.

In this regard, we deplore the current actions regarding the opening of the enclosed area of Varosha and statements that contradict the UN principles for the settlement of the Cyprus issue. They will cause more distrust and tension in the area and should be reversed urgently.

A stable and secure environment in the Eastern Mediterranean and the development of cooperative and mutually beneficial relations between all partners in the region, bilaterally and multilaterally, is in the EU’s strategic interest.

In its statement, the Cyprus Presidency states that, “unfortunately, today’s dark anniversary of the declaration of the illegal regime was chosen by Turkey and its President Tayyip Erdogan, and the illegal regime, to create new fait accompli on the ground, demonstrating in practice, that Ankara does not respect at all international legality, European principles and values, and its obligations toward the EU, boastfully showing contempt and violating the relevant decisions and resolutions of the UN.

At the same time, Turkey and its President, through their actions, torpedo the prospect for the creation of the appropriate climate which the UN Secretary-General demands in order to launch his new initiative toward the solution of the Cyprus problem.

Today’s provocation and illegal act by the Turkish President and the illegal regime will also be denounced once again to all international fora in which the Republic of Cyprus participates”, reads the statement issued by the Presidency and the Government of the Republic of Cyprus.

This action adds to the ever-increasing escalation of Turkish delinquent behavior in the Eastern Mediterranean. “We condemn it in the strongest possible terms and expect it to be thoroughly discussed at the next European Council in December”, the statement concluded.

The Greek Ministry of Foreign Affairs, in a statement, notes that “the planned visit of the Turkish President, accompanied by a government official, to the occupied Varosha, on the day of the” anniversary “of the unilateral and illegal proclamation of the Turkish Cypriot entity, is an unprecedented provocation, in stark contrast to UN Security Council Resolutions 550 and 789, as well as the European Council Conclusions.

This action adds to the ever-increasing escalation of Turkish delinquent behavior in the Eastern Mediterranean. We condemn it in the strongest possible terms and expect it to be thoroughly discussed at the forthcoming European Council in December.

The Greek Ministry of Foreign Affairs, in a statement, notes that “the planned visit of the Turkish President, accompanied by a government official, to the occupied Varosha, on the day of the” anniversary “of the unilateral and illegal proclamation of the Turkish Cypriot entity, is an unprecedented provocation, in stark contrast to UN Security Council Resolutions 550 and 789, as well as the European Council Conclusions.

This action adds to the ever-increasing escalation of Turkish delinquent behavior in the Eastern Mediterranean. We condemn it in the strongest possible terms and expect it to be thoroughly discussed at the forthcoming European Council in December.

Greece, as has been repeatedly emphasized, is in favor of the resumption of negotiations under the auspices of the UN Secretary General, in order to find a comprehensive, just and lasting solution to the Cyprus problem, based on the decisions of the Security Council and the Acquis. In order to achieve this goal, our country is in constant coordination and absolute solidarity with the Cypriot government”.

In his statements, Tayyip Erdogan, accompanied by the new Turkish Cypriot leader Ersin Tatar, called on the Greek Cypriot owners to contact the Committee of the Occupied Territories. At the same time, the Turkish President made it clear that Turkey wants any solution to be sought “within the framework of two states”.

The Turkish Cypriot leader, Ersin Tatar, expressed readiness to be present at the negotiating table “with new solution models” and with reference to the “sovereign equality” of the two states. “The two-state solution must now be put on the table on the basis of sovereign political equality”, Tatar said.

On the issue of gas, the Turkish President reiterated that “no equation can produce peace and stability in the Eastern Mediterranean, which does not fairly include Turkey and the occupying regime”.

“We are determined to protect our rights in the Eastern Mediterranean”, he added. “What happened in the past is a strong indication of this”.

Shortly after 10 a.m. Sunday, students of the Pancyprian Federation of Student Unions and citizens of Famagusta arrived at the roadblock and handed down a condemnation resolution on the declaration of the “pseudo-state”, but also for what happened yesterday in the enclosed city of Famagusta/ibna.