By Mladen Dragojlovic – Banja Luka
After two weeks of counting and, in many cases, recount of the votes, Central Election Commission BiH (CEC BiH) announced on Monday final results of general election, held on October 12.
Parties and independent candidates will have three days to file a complaint. After this period, CEC and the Court of Appeals will decide whether or not to confirm the results. Result confirmation will be a sign that elected parties and new officials can begin with establishing of parliaments and taking of offices for the next four years.
Two week counting was the longest in BiH history, mainly due to the large number of polling stations – more than 150 – where CEC BiH ordered recount caused by suspicion of irregularities. The second reason for taking so long to count the votes is the fact that these were elections with the tightest results since the end of the war in BiH. Long process and lack of information from Counting center in Sarajevo gave the reason to all parties to suspect that this elections are not regular. In addition, many parties and independent candidates noticed irregularities during and after elections. One of the biggest questions for CEC in the next three days will be the matter of the more than 50 ballots that were found in the remote Natural park “Blidinje”, in the southern part of the state. The ballots were found by a group of hikers on Sunday.
Official announcement of the results didn’t hide any surprises for the political scene in BiH. BiH Presidency members, are now confirmed, will be Mladen Ivanic (Coalition for changes RS) as a representative of Serbs, Bakir Izetbegovic (Party of democratic action) will represent Bosniaks and Croats will be represented by Dragan Covic (Croat democratic community). Ivanic beat his biggest opponent, Zeljka Cvijanovic (Alliance of independent social democrats) for 1,15 percent, or less than 10,000, votes.
A similar situation was observed on the elections for Republic of Srpska president, where the old/new president Milorad Dodik, leader of Alliance of independent Social Democrats, beat his opponent Ognjen Tadic from the Serb Democratic Party for 6,888 votes. Dodik’s Alliance, together with Democratic Peoples’ Alliance and Socialist party as coalition partners, won the biggest number of seats in RS Peoples Assembly. This coalition has 42 seats, which are just enough to have the majority in a 83 MP Assembly.
On the elections for the Parliament of the Federation BiH, it is clear that the Party of Democratic Action (SDA) achieved a clear win, which give it 19 seats in the new Parliament. The Bosniak Party for better future, which is in opposition to SDA, won 16 seats. The biggest loser of the elections for Federation BiH Parliament is the Social Democratic Party, which won just 11 seats.
What’s interesting is that the Democratic Front won more seats than the SDP with “SDP rebel” zeljko Komsic as its leader. Komsic was a high ranked official in SDP, but after a dispute with SDP leader Zlatko Lagumdzija left the party and established the Democratic front.
According to results, it is clear that parties that won seats in BiH State Parliament will be forced to form coalitions, in order to achieve any kind of majority. Voting in BiH Parliament is very complicated and parties will have a hard task to make further steps to lead the country out of the crisis and put it back on the road to the European Union.