Among all European Union countries in 2015, the ratio to GDP of government spending on “public order and safety” was highest in Bulgaria, at 2.8 per cent, EU statistics agency Eurostat said on August 16 2017.
In 2015, the 28 member countries of the EU reported more than 258 billion euro of government expenditure on ‘public order and safety’. This figure is equivalent to 1.8 per cent of the EU’s GDP.
In comparison, this is higher than the amount spent on other major activities such as ‘defence’ (1.4 per cent), ‘recreation, culture and religion’ (one per cent) or ‘environmental protection’ (0.8 per cent).
General government expenditure on ‘public order and safety’ comprises mainly expenditure on police services, fire protection services, law courts and prisons, Eurostat said.
In 2015, the ratio to GDP of government expenditure for ‘public order and safety’ was highest in Bulgaria (2.8 per cent), Slovakia (2.4 per cent), Romania (2.3 per cent), Croatia and Poland (both 2.2 per cent).
At the opposite end of the scale, Denmark and Luxembourg (both one per cent), Ireland (1.1 per cent), Malta and Finland (1.2 per cent), Sweden (1.3 per cent) and Austria (1.4 per cent) spent less than 1.5 per cent of their GDP on ‘public order and safety’.
The ranking is quite different when the amounts spent are graded according to the size of the population of each EU member state, Eurostat said.
On average in 2015, expenditure on ‘public order and safety’ amounted to 507 euro per inhabitant in the EU.
The EU member states that spent above 500 euro per inhabitant were Luxembourg (with 899 euro), the United Kingdom (792 euro), the Netherlands (724 euro), Belgium (644 euro), Ireland (598 euro), Sweden (594 euro), Germany (581 euro), Austria (545 euro), France (535 euro) and Italy (506 euro).
At the opposite end of the scale, spending stood below 250 euro per inhabitant in Bulgaria (173 euro), Romania (183), Lithuania (204), Hungary (230), Croatia (231), Poland (247) and Latvia (248 euro), Eurostat said./IBNA