The emigration of Albanians abroad is not a new phenomenon. It has been documented at least since the 15th and 16th century, with the departure of a large number of inhabitants from the territory of Albania.
It remains active and has significant implications, both in terms of demographics and in the social and economic aspects of the country. The periods of formation of the Albanian diaspora vary.
An exact percentage of the Albanian diaspora yet to be calculated due to the complexity of this phenomenon.
According to data released today by InStat on the occasion of Diaspora Day, according to indirect estimates, the number of the new diaspora in 2020 is estimated at about 1.68 million citizens abroad, or about 37% of all Albanian citizens.
Data from the United Nations and the Statistical Institutes of other countries help illustrate the top destinations for Albanian immigrants.
According to United Nations figures for 2019, the number of Albanian immigrants in the world is about 1.2 million. Italy and Greece host the largest percentage of Albanian citizens (about 75%). They are followed by the USA, Germany, the United Kingdom, Canada, Belgium, etc.
It is observed that the number of immigrants in Italy, Greece and the USA has increased intensively during the five-year periods 1990-1994 and 1995-1999, the periods of mass migration of Albanians.
During the years 1990-1994, the number of Albanian immigrants in Greece, Italy and the USA increased every year by about 30% YoY. These percentages fell to around 11% during the period 1995-1999. After 2000, the growth rate of the number of Albanian immigrants in Greece nosedived and reached negative levels during the period 2010-2019. According to United Nations figures, this implies that the total number of Albanian immigrants in Greece is declining.
Even in the case of Italy and the USA, the annual growth rate of the number of immigrants is constantly decreasing, reaching about 3% during the period 2015-2019.
On the other hand, the number of Albanian immigrants in Germany has changed at different rates than in Italy, Greece and the United States. During the years 1990-1994, this number increased by about 10% per year. Subsequently, the annual growth rate recorded a steady downward trend, falling to about 1% during the period 2010-2014. Only after 2015, the number of Albanian immigrants in Germany began to grow at an annual rate of about 35%, making this country their main destination. This has caused the share of Albanian immigrants in Germany in the total number of immigrants to quadruple from 1.3% to 4.2%.
Data from the latest population and housing censuses conducted around 2010 show that 905 thousand people born in Albania were permanent residents in 28 European countries. On the other hand, citizenship statistics show that 962 thousand Albanian citizens live in 15 European countries.
Countries with a large number of Albanian citizens, as well as residents born in Albania are: Greece, Italy, Germany and Great Britain.
The immigrant population in the last decade accounted for 56% of men in Germany and Greece, and 51% of men in Italy.
Immigration to Germany is still closely linked to employment (and education), as indicated by the low percentage of children. By comparison, Italy and especially Greece have a wider age distribution, indicative of family migration. /ibna