IBNA Analysis/The latest data on the perception of corruption in Albania come out. How do Albanians face this negative phenomenon and what is the chart for the past 15 years
Tirana, October 27, 2014/Independent Balkan News Agency
By Edison Kurani
In the past 15 years, more than two thirds of Albanian citizens see corruption as one of the biggest barriers in the acceleration of economic-social development and European integration of the country. Other big challenges consist on unemployment, crime and insufficient households incomes.
Albanian state institutions, yesterday led by the right wing and today by the left wing, have been constantly engaged in a process of anti-corruption reforms. They include policies and regulatory framework, institutional practices and law enforcement agencies, judicial system, civil society, business and international cooperation.
A study on the perception of corruption
During 2014, the Albanian Center for Economic Research (ACER) in cooperation with House of Europe (HoE) and Albanian Social Economic Trust (ASET) have participated at SELDI-Southeastern European Leadership for Development and Integrity. This is an incentive backed by the European Union and which is focused on the problems of Good Governance and Anti-Corruption in Southeast Europe. Through cooperation with 17 partner NGOs in nine countries of the region and Turkey, the aim was to encourage legitimacy and partnership in improving transparency and accountability in governance; encouraging civil involvement and dialogue between state and civil society on a national and regional level, etc.
An observation on a national level conducted in the first half of 2014 in the framework of this incentive, shows that a considerable number of Albanian citizens form their perception in corruption based on the publication of mass media followed by personal experiences.
The 2014 Corruption Assessment has been prepared by ACER under the methodological guidance of the Center for the Study of Democracy (CSD), Bulgaria.
Based on the index of the involvement in corruption and pressure of corruption, the measurements carried out in 2001, 2002 and 2014, show a significant fall during this period of time. But, the number of people who have been asked for money is still high (45,3%) and those who have paid money (38,9%).
The perception of the citizens on the spreading of corruption, in other words, the spreading of corruption practices among public sector employees, is very high: 74% of the interviewed citizens say that the administration is very corrupted.
The index of corruption sensitivity shows a positive phenomenon, that of a relative fall in the acceptance of corruption compared to 2001 (51%, 2014).
Meanwhile, citizens seem “fed up” with corruption and this is reflected by the fact that the index on the sensitivity of corruption remains almost unchanged.
The observation shows that a high level (63%) of Albanian citizens continue to see corruption as an efficient instrument of solving their problems with state institutions and public administration. In 15 years, this indicator has only fallen by 11%.
In the institutional ranking based on the public perception about the involvement in corruption, judges and customs officials are considered as the most corrupted ones (3,3 on a scale from 0 to 4), followed by prosecutors, employees in the judicial system and party leaders. Journalists and teachers are considered to be the less corrupted ones (on a 2,2 level).
The fact that Albanian citizens are “fed up” with the failure so far of state institutions and the entire society against corruption is expressed in their growing lack of faith on the potential capacity of society to face this phenomenon; a 6.3 level in 2014 compared to 5.5 in the previous measurements. The number of citizens who believe that corruption can significantly fall or disappear, has significantly decreased compared to measurements carried out in 2001 and 2002. /ibna/