Pristina, March 12, 2014/Independent Balkan News Agency
By Elton Tota
One of the criteria for the accession of Kosovo in the European Union is the reformation of public administration. Experts say that this administration is overfilled and unprofessional.
The government of Kosovo, which is ending its term in office, will not be able to finalize the process of the reform of public sector.
A great number of laws have been voted in order for this process to advance based on the directives and requirements of the EU, but the reform is yet to be concluded.
Experts of public administration say that the causes that we still don’t have a full reformation of public administration are: total lack of political will and the irresponsibility of each ministry and the government to take this issue forward.
Expert of European Law, Avni Mazreku told IBNA that public administration in Kosovo is unprofessional and cannot serve to the citizens with the efficiency required by EU standards.
“Public administration in Kosovo is filled with political militants who are not capable to fulfill their tasks at the service of citizens. Although a great number of laws have been voted about public administration, the mechanisms to implement these laws are still not in place”, says Mazreku.
Professor of constitutional law, Fatos Rushiti says that politicians in Kosovo continue to exert control over the state administration although they are well informed about the advantages of a professional and neutral administration.
“In Kosovo, the party affiliation has more value than the merits of the individual. Administration workers are not evaluated by their professional abilities and merits, but by their militancy and loyalty toward the political force. This is fatal in building an administration with standards”, says Rushiti for IBNA.
Termkolli: There’s no political will for the reformation of the administration
Former minister of Public Administration, Melihate Termkolli, during the mandate of whom the majority of thus domain’s legislation has been voted, says that this process is becoming the most important challenge in the U reports on Kosovo. According to her, this is due to the fact that the government doesn’t have the right political will in order to seriously engage with the process of the reformation of administration.
She says that although there have been achievements in the administration, there must be a full reformation, because “this administration has been built based on social and political criteria, while Kosovo needs an administration based on professional criteria”.
Termkolli says that the country needs a professional administration, as “an independent state, without a professional and powerful administration, will have difficulties in functioning”.
The former minister says that one of the reasons of the implementation of this major project for Kosovo is also the European integration.
“We’re in the process of European integration, where the functioning of administration is important for Brussels and this is a strong reason why we must carry out the reformation of public administration”, added she.
Venera Abdullahu, head of the Group of Experts for the Reformation of Public Administration, admits that the reformation of administration in Kosovo is necessary, although government institutions are under consolidation.
“We’ve come to the conclusion that in this phase of the development of our country, the reform will only apply to particular segments of the administration, which will reflect positive changes toward fulfilling strategic goals”, says she.
According to her, the reformation of public administration is one of the perquisites that enables the fulfillment of EU accession requirements for Kosovo.
Local administrative reform is not fully completed
The recent report of the European Commission on Kosovo’s progress states that Kosovo has met its short term priorities emanating from the feasibility study in the domain of public administration.
But, the implementation of the strategy and action plan in the reform of public administration continues to remain a major challenge for institutions in Kosovo, according to the report.
“The implementation of the law on the salaries for civil servants has stopped, as the classification of work categories is still expected to be made”, states the report, while encouraging performance based appraisals for civil servants.
The report recommends the drafting of a new law to regulate salaries for senior officials and to reform the system of salaries in the most important sectors, such as education and health.
In general, according to the progress report, the reform of the public administration continues to be characterized by the lack of professionalism and motivation of a part of the staff, stressing that there are also political interventions. /ibna/